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引用本文:张雨,晏再生,吴慧芳,江和龙,郝征.沉水植物苦草(Vallisneria natans)对多环芳烃污染沉积物的修复作用.湖泊科学,2018,30(4):1012-1018. DOI:10.18307/2018.0414
ZHANG Yu,YAN Zaisheng,WU Huifang,JIANG Helong,HAO Zheng.Remedial function of submersed macrophyte Vallisneria natans to PAHs-contaminated sediments. J. Lake Sci.2018,30(4):1012-1018. DOI:10.18307/2018.0414
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沉水植物苦草(Vallisneria natans)对多环芳烃污染沉积物的修复作用
张雨1,2, 晏再生2, 吴慧芳1, 江和龙2, 郝征2,3
1.南京工业大学城市建设学院, 南京 211816;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;3.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
摘要:
沉水植物是浅水湖泊生态系统的关键种群,对水环境质量及水生生态系统结构有重要影响.以东太湖大水港和湖湾区2个典型的具有不同污染程度的沉水植物苦草(Vallisneria natans)生长区域为研究对象,考察苦草对多环芳烃(PAHs)的修复效果.结果表明,经过34 d植物修复试验,重度污染的东太湖大水港沉积物中PAHs的去除率为62%,沉积物中PAHs降解速率为0.024 d-1;而中度污染的东太湖湖湾区沉积物的PAHs去除率为42%,其降解速率为0.015 d-1.种植苦草的沉积物中PAHs的降解速率是未种植苦草的降解速率的2~3倍.苦草对沉积物中高分子量PAHs的修复效果尤为显著.因此,苦草可以有效地用于PAHs污染沉积物的修复,尤其是在重污染和高分子量PAHs污染沉积物中,苦草的修复作用更加明显.
关键词:  沉水植物  苦草  多环芳烃  修复  沉积物  太湖
DOI:10.18307/2018.0414
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41371456,41671496)、江苏省自然科学基金重点研发计划(BE2016703)和污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室开放课题项目(PCRRF13018)联合资助.
Remedial function of submersed macrophyte Vallisneria natans to PAHs-contaminated sediments
ZHANG Yu1,2, YAN Zaisheng2, WU Huifang1, JIANG Helong2, HAO Zheng2,3
1.College of Urban Construction, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 211816, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China
Abstract:
Submersed macrophytes are an important functional and structural element of shallow aquatic ecosystems. Remedial function of submersed macrophyte (Vallisneria natans) to PAHs in freshwater sediments was investigated in different pollution levels in east Lake Taihu. Over a 34-day plant remediation experiment, the removal rate and the first-order rate constants of PAHs degradation in the heavily contaminated sediments of Dashui harbour from east Lake Taihu was 62% and 0.024 d-1, respectively. However, 42% PAHs removal and 0.015 d-1 of PAHs degradation rate was also observed in the moderately contaminated sediments of east Lake Taihu bay. The degradation rate of PAHs in the planted sediments was 2-3 times higher than those in the unplanted sediments. The removal of high molecular weight (HMW) PAHs in sediments with planting V. natans was significantly observed. Thus, V. natans can be effectively used for the remediation of PAHs contaminated sediments, especially in heavily polluted and HMW-PAHs contaminated sediments.
Key words:  Submersed macrophyte  Vallisneria natans  PAHs  remediation  sediment  Lake Taihu
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