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引用本文:尹玲玲.从明代河泊所的置废看湖泊分布及演变──以江汉平原为例.湖泊科学,2000,12(1):38-46. DOI:10.18307/2000.0106
YIN Lingling.Lake Evolution of Jianghan Plain: A Case Study of the Hebosuo Reduction & Emergence in the Ming Dynasty. J. Lake Sci.2000,12(1):38-46. DOI:10.18307/2000.0106
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从明代河泊所的置废看湖泊分布及演变──以江汉平原为例
尹玲玲
复旦大学历史地理研究所, 上海200433
摘要:
本文以一种执行经济功能为主的税收机构──河泊所为切入点,探讨了明初江汉平原中小湖泊的分布及明中后期该类湖泊的淤塞演变过程,揭示出江汉湖群演变的时间特点和空间规律.时间特点:成化(1465年)以前,淤积缓慢;成化至弘治间(1465-1505年),淤积加快,但淤塞仍轻;正德末(1517-1521年)以后,众湖群迅速淤浅、淤废,直至明末空间规律;汉水泥沙自上游向下游依次淤积;江水泥沙先自上游向下游淤积,而后又向上游回溯淤积.
关键词:  河泊所  江汉平原  湖泊演变  裁革
DOI:10.18307/2000.0106
分类号:
基金项目:
Lake Evolution of Jianghan Plain: A Case Study of the Hebosuo Reduction & Emergence in the Ming Dynasty
YIN Lingling
Historical Geography Institute of Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, P. R. China
Abstract:
There were many medium and small-sized lakes in the early Ming dynasty, which were linked each other by many deep or shallow canals in Jianghan plain.Along with the economic development, population growth, protective embankments in lakeside areas mushrooming and booming, there broke out more and more inundation after Chenghua(1465-1487).From the last phase of Zhengde (1506-1521) to early stage of Wanli (1573-1620),many medium-sized and small-sized lakes had been silting-up from the Yangtze River and Hanshui River, The spatial-temporal distribution of the lake evolution were different duo to the following reasons: Mire and sand from Hanshui River were deposited from the upper reaches to the lower reaches, while those from the Yangtze River were firstly silted up from the upper reaches to the lower reaches, then deposited back to the upper reaches.We can see this evolving trend clearly from the reducing and merging process of Hebosuo, an organization for levying piscatorial taxes.
Key words:  Jianghan plain  lake evolution  Hebosuo  reduction
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