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引用本文:周真明,刘啟迪,刘彤,黄华山,马红芳,曾庆玲,苑宝玲.生物沸石薄层覆盖削减亚热带水源水库氮负荷.湖泊科学,2017,29(3):567-574. DOI:10.18307/2017.0305
ZHOU Zhenming,LIU Qidi,LIU Tong,HUANG Huashan,MA Hongfang,ZENG Qingling,YUAN Baoling.Thin-layer capping with biozeolite for nitrogen load reduction in the water-supply source reservoirs, subtropical China. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(3):567-574. DOI:10.18307/2017.0305
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生物沸石薄层覆盖削减亚热带水源水库氮负荷
周真明, 刘啟迪, 刘彤, 黄华山, 马红芳, 曾庆玲, 苑宝玲
华侨大学土木工程学院 厦门 361021
摘要:
以福建泉州水源地山美水库和惠女水库的表层底泥和上覆水为研究对象,室内静态模拟试验研究了生物沸石薄层覆盖削减水源水库氮负荷的效果及可行性,探讨了上覆水体溶解氧(DO)浓度对削减氮负荷的影响,分析了削减氮负荷的作用机理.结果表明,覆盖强度为1 kg/m2的生物沸石覆盖(厚度约1 mm)对上覆水中总氮的削减率为58.89%~65.75%,对底泥中总氮的削减率为10.39%~13.08%,对底泥中铵态氮的削减率为32.35%~44.56%,对底泥中有机氮的削减率为8.41%~11.04%;对于以硝态氮为主要形态氮的上覆水体,DO浓度越低,越有利于高效菌脱氮;可见,生物沸石薄层覆盖能有效削减水源水库氮负荷,利用生物沸石薄层覆盖技术削减水源水库氮负荷是可行的,但需要进一步研究水源水库底泥生物沸石薄层覆盖修复过程中氮的迁移转化机制.
关键词:  底泥  薄层覆盖    生物沸石  水源水库
DOI:10.18307/2017.0305
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51408243);福建省自然科学基金项目(2015J01213);福建省科技计划对外合作重点项目(2014I0013);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(11QZR07);华侨大学中青年教师科研提升资助计划项目(ZQN-PY313)
Thin-layer capping with biozeolite for nitrogen load reduction in the water-supply source reservoirs, subtropical China
ZHOU Zhenming, LIU Qidi, LIU Tong, HUANG Huashan, MA Hongfang, ZENG Qingling, YUAN Baoling
College of Civil Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, P.R.China
Abstract:
In this study, samples were collected from overlying water and surface sediment in Shanmei Reservoir and Huinü Reservoir in Quanzhou City, Fujian Province. The efficiency of nitrogen load reduction by thin-layer capping with biozeolite in the source water reservoirs was investigated through a series of laboratory-scale static simulating experiments. The effect of dissolve oxygen concentration in overlying water on reducing nitrogen load was discussed and the mechanism to reduce nitrogen load by thin-layer capping with biozeolite was also explored. The results showed that the reduction efficiency of total nitrogen in overlying water ranged from 58.89% to 65.75% by thin-layer capping with biozeolite at a dose rate of 1 kg/m2(the thickness of 1 mm), and the reduction efficiencies of total nitrogen, ammonium nitrogen and organic nitrogen in sediments were in the range of 10.39%-13.08%, 32.35%-44.56% and 8.41%-11.04%, respectively. To overlying water of the main form of nitrate, the lower the dissolve oxygen concentration of overlying water, the better the efficiency of biological denitrogenation by high efficient bacteria. Therefore, thin-layer capping with biozeolite is efficient and feasible to reduce nitrogen load in the source water reservoirs. However, it is urgent to understand the mechanisms of nitrogen transportation and transformation in remediation process of sediment using thin-layer capping with biozeolite.
Key words:  Sediment  thin-layer capping  nitrogen  biozeolite  water-supply source reservoir
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