投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:赖格英,王鹏,黄小兰,熊家庆,刘影,曾峰海.鄱阳湖水利枢纽工程对鄱阳湖水文水动力影响的模拟.湖泊科学,2015,27(1):128-140. DOI:10.18307/2015.0116
LAI Geying,WANG Peng,HUANG Xiaolan,XIONG Jiaqing,LIU Ying,ZENG Fenghai.A simulation research of impacts of the Lake Poyang hydraulic project on hydrology and hydrodynamics. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(1):128-140. DOI:10.18307/2015.0116
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 3493次   下载 1658 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
鄱阳湖水利枢纽工程对鄱阳湖水文水动力影响的模拟
赖格英1,2,王鹏1,2,黄小兰1,2,熊家庆2,刘影1,2,曾峰海1,2
1.江西师范大学鄱阳湖湿地与流域研究教育部重点实验室,南昌 330022;2.江西师范大学地理与环境学院,南昌 330022
摘要:
水流情势变化是河湖生态系统演变最主要的驱动力,拟建的鄱阳湖水利枢纽工程对鄱阳湖水文水动力会产生何种影响是一个值得深入研究的问题.本研究基于EFDC模型构建了鄱阳湖水动力的二维模型,并按照规划中的鄱阳湖水利枢纽工程调度方案,通过丰平枯典型年份的情景模拟,探讨了鄱阳湖水利枢纽工程运行调度方案对湖泊水文水动力的可能影响.模拟结果表明:不同情景年型鄱阳湖水利枢纽工程低枯水位生态调节期(12月1日至3月底4月初)中11m控制水位对该时期湖泊平均水位的抬升程度明显,2010年(丰水年)11m控制水位对枯水期湖泊平均水位的最大抬升为2.59m,2000年(平水年)枯水期湖泊的平均水位最大抬升为2.68m,而2004年(枯水年)枯水期湖泊的平均水位最大抬升为4.35m.枯水期水位的抬升,使不同年型不同湖区的枯水期平均流速、最大流速和最小流速都有不同程度的减小,其中以入江河道为最,2000年和2010年枯水期平均流速降幅在44%以上,2004年(枯水年)枯水期的平均降速范围在50%以上,而对两大保护区的影响则较小.对流场格局的影响方面,主要表现在有枢纽时由于低枯水期的11m水位控制,棠荫以北尤其是入江河道的流场与无枢纽时的流场表现出明显的不同;棠荫以南的湖区,当赣江中支和赣江南支的来水较大时,在棠荫附近及松门山以南的湖区会呈现出较大的水面.同时由于枯水期的水位抬升和流速减小,水利枢纽工程对湖泊换水周期的作用明显,不同年型的换水周期都受到不同程度的影响,2004年枢纽控水过程使控水期间的平均换水周期增加了5.6d,影响程度达26.1%;模型模拟结果可以揭示在目前调度方案下,水利枢纽工程对鄱阳湖水文水动力的影响程度,为进一步定量分析鄱阳湖水利枢纽工程对湖泊水质和生态系统演化及其可能造成的影响提供必要的基础支撑.
关键词:  鄱阳湖  水利枢纽工程  EFDC模型  水文水动力  数值模拟
DOI:10.18307/2015.0116
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划"973"项目(2012CB417003)和江西省重大生态安全问题监控协同创新中心项目(JXS-EW-07)联合资助.
A simulation research of impacts of the Lake Poyang hydraulic project on hydrology and hydrodynamics
LAI Geying,WANG Peng,HUANG Xiaolan,XIONG Jiaqing,LIU Ying,ZENG Fenghai
Abstract:
Flow regime change is the main dynamics to affect the lake ecological system evolution. It is worth studying that how the proposed Lake Poyang hydraulic project (PLPHP) will impact the hydrology and hydrodynamics of Lake Poyang. Based on the EFDC model, a two-dimensional model of Lake Poyang hydrodynamics is constructed. According to the planning water level regulation scheme of PLPHP, this research discusses the possible influence of PLPHP on hydrology and hydrodynamics of Lake Poyang using the method of scenario simulation (including normal, dry and wet hydro-years). The simulation result shows that the 11m controlled water level in eco-adjustment period of low-water level (from Dec. 1st to the end of Mar. or early Apr.) will effectively uplift the average water level of Lake Poyang in this period. The maximum uplift of average water level in the lake will be 2.59 m in wet hydro-year (2010), 4.35 m in dry hydro-year (2004), 2.68 m in normal hydro-year (2000),respectively. These uplifts of water level in eco-adjustment period of low-water level will lead to the different level decreases of average flow velocity, maximum flow velocity and minimum flow velocity of low-water level period in different hydro-year scenario. The maximum decrease of flow velocity is in the waterway of Lake Poyang into the Yangtze River (which is located in Xingzi to Hukou), in which drop in average velocity is more than 44% in 2000 and 2010, 50% in 2004, but the effect of flow velocity on two natural reserves is small. As to the effect of flow pattern, the main result shows that because of the 11 m controlled water level with PLPHP scenario, the flow pattern is apparently different from that without PLPHP in the north of Tangyin, especially in the waterway of Lake Poyang into the Yangtze River. Furthermore, the region, in the vicinity of Tangyin and south of Songmenshan, will show larger water surface with more complex flow pattern when the volumes of flow in middle and south two branches of Ganjiang River are larger. Because of the uplift of water level and the drop of flow velocity, PLPHP has significant impact on water exchange cycle (WEC) of lake and WECs in different hydro-year scenarios are affected to varying degrees, the average WEC increasing by 5.6 d in 2004, the extent of impact being 26.1%. Therefore, the simulation results can reveal the impact extent of PLPHP on hydrology and hydrodynamics with the planning water-level regulation scheme, and provide some foundation at support to study the influence of PLPHP on water quality and ecological system evolution.
Key words:  Lake Poyang  hydraulic project  EFDC model  hydrology and hydrodynamic  numerical simulation
分享按钮