投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:李飞鹏,高雅,张海平,肖宜华,陈玲.流速对浮游藻类生长和种群变化影响的模拟试验.湖泊科学,2015,27(1):44-49. DOI:10.18307/2015.0106
LI Feipeng,GAO Ya,ZHANG Haiping,XIAO Yihua,CHEN Ling.Simulation experiment on the effect of flow velocity on phytoplankton growth and composition. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(1):44-49. DOI:10.18307/2015.0106
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 4402次   下载 1815 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
流速对浮游藻类生长和种群变化影响的模拟试验
李飞鹏1, 高雅2, 张海平1, 肖宜华1, 陈玲1
1.同济大学环境科学与工程学院, 上海 200092;2.同济大学建筑设计研究院(集团)有限公司, 上海 200092
摘要:
采集夏季崇明岛中心湖原水,在环形有机玻璃水槽开展了不同流速对浮游藻类生长和种群变化影响的研究.相对于静止水槽,实验前期不同的流速条件均对浮游藻类的生长产生了一定的抑制作用,实验后期浮游藻类叶绿素a含量均稳定在一定水平,且流动水槽中叶绿素a含量略大于静止水槽,这可能与静止围隔中出现大量枝角类浮游动物有关,而流动条件则抑制了浮游动物的生长,减轻了对浮游藻类的捕食压力.水体流动导致了浮游藻类种群的变化,蓝藻的迅速消失、绿藻和硅藻形成生长优势是主要特征,表明持续的流动条件是导致浮游植物种属减少和群落结构变化的直接原因.该研究可为调水引流在河道、湖泊和水库中的富营养化控制和水华防治提供基础依据.
关键词:  流速  浮游藻类  种群变化  模拟试验
DOI:10.18307/2015.0106
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51379146,51409190)和中国博士后科学基金项目(2013M531218)联合资助
Simulation experiment on the effect of flow velocity on phytoplankton growth and composition
LI Feipeng1, GAO Ya2, ZHANG Haiping1, XIAO Yihua1, CHEN Ling1
1.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, P. R. China;2.Tongji Architectural Design (Group) Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200092, P. R. China
Abstract:
An experimental simulation study was conducted using surface water from Zhongxinhu Lake of Chongming Island in oval plexiglass enclosures. The object of the study was to investigate the effect of flow velocity on phytoplankton growth and composition dynamics. Both flow conditions had inhibition effects on phytoplankton biomass in early experiment compared with the still enclosure and in late experiment the phytoplankton biomass stabilized in a certain level in all enclosures. Moreover, a higher Chl.a concentration was found in both flow enclosures in the late experiment, implying that numerous Cladocera zooplankton occurred in the still enclosure might be the reason that in flow conditions the turbulent flows inhibited the growth of zooplankton and reduced the predation pressure of phytoplankton. The turbulent flow also resulted in the changes of phytoplankton composition with the feature of the rapid disappearance of blue-green algae and the domination of green algae and diatoms. The result indicated that the continuous flow may directly caused the reducing species and composition dynamics of phytoplankton. The study can provide basis of the application of water division in eutrophication management and algae bloom prevention of rivers, lakes and reservoirs.
Key words:  Flow velocity  phytoplankton  species dynamics  simulation experiment
分享按钮