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引用本文:陈瑞弘,李飞鹏,张海平,陈玲,赵建夫,黄子寒.面向流量管理的水动力对淡水藻类影响的概念机制.湖泊科学,2015,27(1):24-30. DOI:10.18307/2015.0103
CHEN Ruihong,LI Feipeng,ZHANG Haiping,CHEN Ling,ZHAO Jianfu,HUANG Zihan.Conceptual mechanism of hydrodynamic impacts on freshwater algae for flow management. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(1):24-30. DOI:10.18307/2015.0103
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面向流量管理的水动力对淡水藻类影响的概念机制
陈瑞弘1,李飞鹏1,张海平1,陈玲1,赵建夫1,黄子寒2
1.同济大学环境科学与工程学院,上海 200092;2.复旦大学环境科学与工程系,上海 200433
摘要:
许多证据表明缓慢的水动力条件是水华暴发的重要诱因,尽管以临界流速和水体置换为基础的流量管理实践在水华控制中已见成效,但受限于水动力对藻类生长小生境的干扰机制尚不明晰,长期的流量管理实践效果并不理想.在长期野外观测、围隔实验和室内模拟等一系列研究的基础上,以现有水动力对藻类影响机制的讨论为依据,从细胞学角度提出了水动力对藻类生长影响的3种不同的概念机制,即低强度的水力扰动导致藻细胞外扩散层厚度变薄,有利于周边水体向藻细胞输送营养物质,促进藻类生长;中等强度的水力扰动导致藻类营养盐吸收及光合作用能力受损,抑制藻类生长;高强度的水流剪切导致藻细胞壁破损.基于该机制认为流量管理中临界流速应分别从水体置换和细胞学两方面考虑.研究结果可为流量管理中控制藻类水华暴发和维持水体水质的策略提供重要的理论支持.
关键词:  水动力  水华藻类  临界流速  流量管理  概念机制
DOI:10.18307/2015.0103
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51379146,51409190)资助
Conceptual mechanism of hydrodynamic impacts on freshwater algae for flow management
CHEN Ruihong,LI Feipeng,ZHANG Haiping,CHEN Ling,ZHAO Jianfu,HUANG Zihan
Abstract:
Numerous studies have shown that low flow condition is the main trigger of algae bloom and flow management is widely acknowledged as a strategy for inhibiting bloom development based on critical flow velocity and replacement.Due to the underlying intervention mechanism is still not clear, long-term practices of flow management are not very effective. Based on the research progress and a series of studies through long-term observation, enclosure and laboratory experiments, we present the conceptual mechanism that there existed three different mechanisms of hydrodynamic impacts on freshwater algae:(1) low turbulent flow results in the thickness of cell diffuse layer thinner in favor of nutrients transport from water phase to algae cell,which is preferred by algae growth; (2) medium turbulent flow is harmful to nutrients absorption and light availability of algae and inhibits the algae growth; (3) high shear force can damage the algae cell walls, which are individually determinant in different levels of flow intensity. According to theories, critical flow velocity should be applied from two different aspects of water replacement and cytology in flow management. The results will be of great scientific significance in order to control algle bloom and remain the water quality in flow management.
Key words:  Hydrodynamics  blooming algae  critical flow velocity  flow management  conceptual mechanism
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