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田时弥,杨扬,乔永民,何文祥,林剑华,王栋宇.珠江流域东江干流浮游植物叶绿素a时空分布及与环境因子的关系.湖泊科学,2015,27(1):31-37. DOI:10.18307/2015.0104
TIAN Shimi,YANG Yang,QIAO Yongmin,HE Wenxiang,LIN Jianhua,WANG Dongyu.Temporal and spatial distribution of phytoplankton chlorophyll-a and its relationships with environmental factors in Dongjiang River, Pearl River basin. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(1):31-37. DOI:10.18307/2015.0104
珠江流域东江干流浮游植物叶绿素a时空分布及与环境因子的关系
Temporal and spatial distribution of phytoplankton chlorophyll-a and its relationships with environmental factors in Dongjiang River, Pearl River basin
投稿时间:2014-02-27  修订日期:2014-04-03
DOI:10.18307/2015.0104
中文关键词: 东江干流  叶绿素a  环境因子  相关性分析  主成分分析  珠江流域
Keywords: Dongjiang River  chlorophyll-a  environmental factors  correlation analysis  Principal Components Analysis  Pearl River basin
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2012ZX07206-004)资助
作者单位E-mail
田时弥 暨南大学水生生物研究中心, 广州 510632  
杨扬 暨南大学水生生物研究中心, 广州 510632;暨南大学热带亚热带水生态工程教育部工程研究中心, 广州 510632 yangyang@scies.org 
乔永民 暨南大学水生生物研究中心, 广州 510632;暨南大学热带亚热带水生态工程教育部工程研究中心, 广州 510632  
何文祥 暨南大学水生生物研究中心, 广州 510632  
林剑华 暨南大学水生生物研究中心, 广州 510632  
王栋宇 暨南大学水生生物研究中心, 广州 510632  
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中文摘要:
      为了解珠江流域东江干流水体叶绿素a的时空分布及与环境因子的关系,于2012年6月(丰水期)和12月(枯水期)对东江干流进行采样调查分析.结果表明,东江水体叶绿素a含量具有明显的时空分布特征,其全年变化范围为0.84~14.93μg/L,整体均值为3.60±2.45μg/L,丰水期叶绿素a含量显著高于枯水期;而丰、枯水期叶绿素a含量空间分布特征相似,上游河段显著低于下游河段.相关性与主成分分析结果显示,水体中总氮浓度、总磷浓度、有机物含量、水温和水流流速等都是影响东江浮游植物生长的重要因素,其中以总磷的影响最为显著,表明磷可能是东江浮游植物生长的限制因子.
Abstract:
      Sampling was carried out in wet season and dry season of 2012 in order to analyze the distribution of chlorophyll-a and the effects of water environment factors on chlorophyll-a in Dongjiang River, Pearl River basin. Results showed chlorophyll-a concentration appeared strong temporal and spatial variations in Dongjiang River, ranging from 0.84 to 14.93μg/L, and with the annual mean value of 3.60±2.45μg/L. The chlorophyll-a concentration in wet season was obviously higher than that in dry season. For wet and dry season, the temporal distribution of chlorophyll-a had a similar pattern, increasing from upstream to downstream. The correlation analysis and principal components analysis indicated TN, TP, CODMn, water temperature and flow velocity were the most important factors for the growth of phytoplankton in Dongjiang River, and phosphorous might be the limiting factor because of its remarkable influence on phytoplankton.
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