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陈超,钟继承,邵世光,刘成,范成新.太湖西北部典型疏浚/对照湖区内源性营养盐释放潜力对比.湖泊科学,2014,26(6):829-836. DOI:10.18307/2014.0603
CHEN Chao,ZHONG Jicheng,SHAO Shiguang,LIU Cheng,FAN Chengxin.On the potential release rates of nutrient from internal sources: A comparative study of typical dredged and un-dredged areas, northwestern Lake Taihu. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(6):829-836. DOI:10.18307/2014.0603
太湖西北部典型疏浚/对照湖区内源性营养盐释放潜力对比
On the potential release rates of nutrient from internal sources: A comparative study of typical dredged and un-dredged areas, northwestern Lake Taihu
投稿时间:2013-10-11  修订日期:2013-10-11
DOI:10.18307/2014.0603
中文关键词: 底泥疏浚  潜在释放速率  效果评估  太湖
Keywords: Sediment dredging  potential release rates  effects evaluation  Lake Taihu
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2012ZX07101-010,2013ZX07113-001)、国家自然科学基金项目(41171367,40901253)、江苏省基础研究计划项目(BK2011879)和中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所科研启动项目(NIGLAS2011QD09)联合资助
作者单位E-mail
陈超 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;中国科学院大学, 北京 100049  
钟继承 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008 jczhong@niglas.ac.cn 
邵世光 河海大学水文水资源学院, 南京 210098  
刘成 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;中国科学院大学, 北京 100049  
范成新 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008  
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中文摘要:
      通过采集太湖西北部闾江口、八房港、月亮湾和竺山湾疏浚区与未疏浚对照区8个样点共32根沉积物柱状样于室内进行内源负荷模拟研究和沉积物基本性质分析发现,除闾江口疏浚区沉积物总磷和可交换态磷含量高于未疏浚区外,其余指标如烧失量、总氮、可交换态氮等均表现为未疏浚区沉积物高于疏浚区沉积物的特征,说明疏浚区沉积物营养盐的释放潜力低于未疏浚对照组.八房港、月亮湾以及竺山湾疏浚区沉积物铵态氮、正磷酸盐的潜在释放速率均比相应未疏浚对照区沉积物低,疏浚区沉积物铵态氮的潜在释放速率分别是未疏浚区的65.3%、88.8%和21.9%,正磷酸盐的潜在释放速率分别是未疏浚区的-26.6%、11.3%和50.2%.而闾江口疏浚区沉积物铵态氮和正磷酸盐的潜在释放速率却远高于未疏浚区(疏浚区分别为未疏浚区的2.6倍和6.4倍),这可能与闾江口水体呈现弱还原环境及沉积物中有机质含量高有关,另外也可能与闾江口沉积物污染物的赋存深度和疏浚工程的疏浚深度有关.
Abstract:
      Simulated research of internal loading release was carried out to assess the effects of sediment dredging on internal source release, and the basic properties of dredged and un-dredged sediments was also analyzed in this study. Intact sediment cores were collected from dredged and un-dredged sites in four areas including Bafang Port, Lvjiang Port, Moon Bay and Zhushan Bay, northwestern Lake Taihu. The results showed that the potential release rates of sediments can be efficiently prevented by dredging because of the internal loadings such as the loss on ignition, total nitrogen and ammonium nitrogen which were significantly lower after dredging. The potential release rates of ammonium in dredged sites of Bafang Port, Moon Bay and Zhushan Bay was 65.3%, 88.8% and 21.9%, respectively. The potential release rates of phosphorus in dredged sites of Bafang Port even showed negative (-0.35 mg/(m2·d)) which means the diffusion direction of phosphorus was from overlying water toward sediments. The release rates of phosphorus in dredged sites of Moon Bay and Zhushan Bay was 11.3% and 50.2% of the corresponding un-dredged sites. We also found that the potential release rates of ammonium and phosphorus in dredged sites of Lvjiang Port was significantly higher than those in un-dredged sites, which may be accounted for the reducing environment of water body and the high content of organic matter in sediments.
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