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引用本文:高波,颜晓元,姜小三,遆超普.太湖地区农业源污染核算研究进展.湖泊科学,2014,26(6):822-828. DOI:10.18307/2014.0602
GAO Bo,YAN Xiaoyuan,JIANG Xiaosan,TI Chaopu.Research progress in estimation of agricultural sources pollution of the Lake Taihu region. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(6):822-828. DOI:10.18307/2014.0602
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太湖地区农业源污染核算研究进展
高波1,2, 颜晓元2, 姜小三1, 遆超普2
1.南京农业大学资源与环境科学学院, 南京 210095;2.中国科学院南京土壤研究所土壤与农业可持续发展国家重点实验室, 南京 210008
摘要:
太湖地区水体污染严重,控制太湖污染、改善太湖水质,对发挥太湖的综合服务功能,促进全流域经济可持续发展和社会稳定具有重要的战略意义.充分把握和核算太湖地区农业源污染排放量、入河量及其时空分布是落实太湖地区污染物科学减排从而进一步改善太湖水质的基础.本研究总结和概述了太湖地区农业源污染现有的核算方法、产排污参数、控制途径等,结合太湖地区农业源污染构成、排放与布局的复杂情况,提出综合运用各种核算研究方法,充分考虑各污染来源,确定农业源污染的产污量、排污量和入河量,并通过建立分期、分区、细分类型的农业源污染排放、入河参数,为科学确定农业源污染减排指标以及制定减排措施提供依据.
关键词:  农业源污染  核算方法  参数研究  减排途径  太湖地区
DOI:10.18307/2014.0602
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目(KZZD-EW-10-04)资助
Research progress in estimation of agricultural sources pollution of the Lake Taihu region
GAO Bo1,2, YAN Xiaoyuan2, JIANG Xiaosan1, TI Chaopu2
1.College of Resources and Environment Science, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, P.R.China;2.State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agricultural, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China
Abstract:
The Lake Taihu region, China, is highly developed, and water pollution has affected both the water supply and economic development of the region in recent years. It is important to understand and evaluate the quantity and spatial-temporal distribution of agricultural pollution to reduce the water pollution, improve the water quality and promote the economic development in this region. This paper reviewed the estimating methods, output coefficients and pollutant-controlled strategies of the agricultural sources pollution that have been widely applied. Considering the composition, emission and distribution of agricultural pollution sources in the Lake Taihu region, multiple methods, such as field monitoring and field survey, should be applied to estimate the agricultural pollution and their apportionments. It was significant to determine the coefficients of pollutant production, emission and discharge into rivers from cropland, livestock and aquaculture, and their differences in spatial and temporal distribution. Some specific suggestions and applicable measurements were put forward to reduce agricultural sources pollution in the Lake Taihu region.
Key words:  Agricultural sources pollution  accounting method  parameter research  mitigation strategy  Lake Taihu region
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