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引用本文:董云仙,洪雪花,贺彬,吕云波,谭志卫,朱翔,赵磊.云南省高原深水湖泊程海磷形态分布和变化.湖泊科学,2012,24(3):341-346. DOI:10.18307/2012.0303
DONG Yunxian,HONG Xuehua,HE Bin,LV Yunbo,TAN Zhiwei,ZHU Xiang,ZHAO Lei.Distribution and variations of phosphorus speciation in Lake Chenghai on plateau, Yunnan Province. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(3):341-346. DOI:10.18307/2012.0303
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云南省高原深水湖泊程海磷形态分布和变化
董云仙1, 洪雪花2, 贺彬1, 吕云波1, 谭志卫1, 朱翔1, 赵磊1
1.云南省环境科学研究院, 昆明 650034;2.云南省昆明市疾病预防控制中心, 昆明 650228
摘要:
采用GPS定位,在程海设置了3个断面9个采样点,对各种形态磷进行了为期1 a的研究,分析了高原深水湖泊程海磷形态分布和变化.结果表明:程海中总磷含量范围为0.008~0.155 mg/L,年平均值为0.046 mg/L,含量水平已经较高.存在形态是颗粒态总磷占54.35%;溶解态有机磷占19.56%;溶解态无机磷占26.09%.各形态磷时间分布和变化与水生生物特别是浮游植物生命活动和周期变化密切相关;水平分布格局受浮游生物活动、湖流风动等综合影响;由水表层-亚底层垂直分布比较均匀,湖底层含量不同程度升高.
关键词:  磷元素  赋存形态  分布  变化  程海  深水湖泊
DOI:10.18307/2012.0303
分类号:
基金项目:云南省科技计划项目(2009CA002)资助
Distribution and variations of phosphorus speciation in Lake Chenghai on plateau, Yunnan Province
DONG Yunxian1, HONG Xuehua2, HE Bin1, LV Yunbo1, TAN Zhiwei1, ZHU Xiang1, ZHAO Lei1
1.Yunnan Research Academy of Environmental Science, Kunming 650034, P. R. China;2.Kunming Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Kunming 650228, P. R. China
Abstract:
Nine sampling sites along three sections in Lake Chenghai were established by Global Positioning System for a study on phosphorus forms in a period of a year. The characteristics of the distribution and variations of phosphorus forms in deep lake on plateau are analyzed. The results indicate that the total phosphorus content is between 0.008 and 0.155 mg/L, and the annual average content is 0.046 mg/L. The percent of existent state of phosphorus forms is 54.35% particulate total phosphorus, 19.56% dissolved organic phosphorus, 26.09% dissolved inorganic phosphorus. The characteristics of the distributions and variations of phosphorus forms are closely related to vital processes and cycles of phytoplankton. The horizontal distribution pattern is easily affected by the composites effects of biological processes of plankton, and movement and feeding of lake water. The distribution of phosphorus is relatively homogenous from the surface layer to the sub-bottom layer, and increase with various degrees at the bottom layer.
Key words:  Phosphorus  combined forms  distribution  variation  Lake Chenghai  deep lake
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