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引用本文:袁丰,宋正娜.改革开放以来太湖流域工业企业布局演变.湖泊科学,2012,24(1):27-33. DOI:10.18307/2012.0104
YUAN Feng,SONG Zhengna.Spatial distribution of industrial firms in Taihu Basin since China's Reform and Opening-up. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(1):27-33. DOI:10.18307/2012.0104
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改革开放以来太湖流域工业企业布局演变
袁丰1, 宋正娜2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.南京信息工程大学, 南京 210044
摘要:
太湖流域快速工业化进程加剧了对该地区资源环境的扰动,不合理的工业布局是其重要原因.本文采用经济普查企业点位分布数据,运用空间分析与有序Probit模型等方法,定量分析改革开放以来,太湖流域工业企业空间分布的格局演变及其区位选择的驱动机理,并重点考察太湖环境保护对企业区位行为的影响.结果表明,在2007年太湖水危机事件以前,上海以及太湖北部的苏锡常地区一直是该流域工业企业的主要集聚区域,但随着时间的推移呈现分散化趋势,尤其以内资为主的小型污染企业呈现向宜兴等流域上游地区扩散是导致水危机暴发的一个重要原因.而工业企业环境保护意识淡薄和地方环境监管缺位是造成企业不合理分布的重要因素.
关键词:  空间格局  区位选择  污染型工业  科技型工业  太湖流域
DOI:10.18307/2012.0104
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-339);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130750);教育部人文社会科学研究重大项目(11JJDZH005)联合资助
Spatial distribution of industrial firms in Taihu Basin since China's Reform and Opening-up
YUAN Feng1, SONG Zhengna2
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, P. R. China
Abstract:
The rapid industrialization of Taihu Basin increases the resources and environment perturbation in this region. One significant factor is the unreasonable locations of industry. To utilize the enterprise distribution data of economic census, using the spatial analysis and Ordered Probit model, this study analyzes the evolution of industrial enterprise spatial distribution and the mechanism of their locational action after the reform and opening-up policy, and focuses on how the protection of Taihu Basin might affect their locations. The results show that before the explosion of water crisis in Lake Taihu in 2007, the industrial enterprises in this region mainly agglomerate in Shanghai and Suzhou-Wuxi-Changzhou region(which is along the northern Lake Taihu). However, it takes on the tendency of decentralization over time, especially for those enterprises with pollution which have revealed an unreasonable spatial distribution, i. e. they changed their locations to upper reaches of Lake Taihu(such as Yixing, etc.). This behaviour becomes an important factor which leads to the explosion of water crisis. Indifference to environmental protection awareness and omission of local environmental protection mechanism are the major reasons of unreasonable spatial distribution.
Key words:  Spatial pattern  location choice  pollution industry  science and technology industry  Taihu Basin
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