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引用本文:高爽,魏也华,陈雯.环境规制对无锡市制造业结构优化与绩效的影响.湖泊科学,2012,24(1):17-26. DOI:10.18307/2012.0103
GAO Shuang,WEI Yehua Dennis,CHEN Wen.Effects of environmental regulation on the structure optimization and performance of manufacturing industry in Wuxi City. J. Lake Sci.2012,24(1):17-26. DOI:10.18307/2012.0103
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环境规制对无锡市制造业结构优化与绩效的影响
高爽1,2, 魏也华3, 陈雯1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049;3.犹他大学地理系及公共与国际事务研究院, 盐湖城 84112-9155
摘要:
环境规制已成为促进区域发展方式转变和经济可持续发展的重要驱动力.本文以无锡市太湖水危机事件为例,首先对水危机前后的环境规制政策和手段进行对比分析,其次结合现有理论研究,总结了环境规制对制造业产业结构优化和绩效影响的理论框架,最后在对环境规制强度进行定量评估和对影响产业绩效各要素分析的基础上对理论框架进行验证.环境规制强度的评价结果表明,水危机事件后,环境规制强度显著增加,政府、技术、市场及社会工具的环境规制强度均值在2007-2009年期间比2001-2006年期间分别增加了2.2、1.0、2.6、0.7倍,政府在加强行政管理的同时开始积极探索市场化治理的工具,但以政府规制为主的治理模式仍然没有改变.回归结果进一步表明环境规制通过影响企业准入和提高技术效率,实现产业结构的优化和生产效率的提高,抵消了环境规制对生产成本增加而产生的消极作用,但是创新仍没有成为产业绩效增加的最主要动力.本研究对探讨经济和环境可持续发展模式以及环境规制手段的合理运用具有重要的理论借鉴意义.
关键词:  太湖水危机  环境规制  制造业  结构优化  产业绩效
DOI:10.18307/2012.0103
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(KZCX2-YW-339);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(11JJDZH005)联合资助
Effects of environmental regulation on the structure optimization and performance of manufacturing industry in Wuxi City
GAO Shuang1,2, WEI Yehua Dennis3, CHEN Wen1
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China;3.Development of Geography and IPIA, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112-9155, USA
Abstract:
Environmental regulation has become one of the most important driving forces underlying sustainable development and the transformation of the pattern of economic development. The water pollution incident in Lake Taihu(2007), called Lake Taihu Water Crisis, has provided a typical study case to reveal the relationship between environmental regulation and economic development. First, through the case study of Lake Taihu Water Crisis, this study compared the approaches and policies of environmental regulation before and after the Lake Taihu Water Crisis. Second, this study summarized the existing literature and developed a new theoretical framework focusing on the impacts of environmental regulation on the optimization and performance of manufacturing industries. Finally, such a new framework was validated based on a quantitative assessment of the relative strengths of environmental regulation policies and an analysis of factors affecting industrial performance. The quantitative assessment of the strengths of environmental regulation policies showed that, after Lake Taihu Water Crisis, during 2007 2009, the environmental regulation has been gradually stronger. The average strengths of government regulation, technological regulation, marketing regulation and social regulation during 2007 and 2009 increased by 2.2, 1.0, 2.6, 0.7 times than the average strengths during 2001 2006. The government not only used administrative commands(government regulation), but also tried to employ market-based regulation approaches on pollution control. However, the environmental regulation is still focused on the governmental regulation approach which has not been changed. Regression results showed that the environmental regulation manifested by the constrains of enterprises'entering in pollution sectors and the encouragement of high-efficiency technologies, has resulted in the optimization of manufacturing industries and the productivity improvement in Wuxi, which also countered the negative impact of rising production costs brought by regulation. However, innovation is still not the main driving forces of industrial performance enhancement. This paper contributes to our understanding of the theories concerning the pattern of sustainable economic and environment-friendly development and the applicability of different environmental regulation approaches.
Key words:  Lake Taihu Water Crisis  environmental regulation  manufacturing industry  structure optimization  industrial performance
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