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引用本文:谢红彬,燕乃玲,虞孝感.工业化过程的差异对太湖流域水环境质量的影响——以无锡市和湖州市为例.湖泊科学,2004,16(4):349-355. DOI:10.18307/2004.0410
XIE Hongbin,YAN Nailing,YU Xiaogan.The Impact of Regional Difference of Industrialization on Water Quality in Taihu Basin: A Case Study on Wuxi and Huzhou. J. Lake Sci.2004,16(4):349-355. DOI:10.18307/2004.0410
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工业化过程的差异对太湖流域水环境质量的影响——以无锡市和湖州市为例
谢红彬1, 燕乃玲2, 虞孝感2
1.福建师范大学地理学院, 福州 350007;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
通过对太湖流域处于工业化不同发展阶段的两个城市进行对比,揭示了工业化与工业废水排放之间的关系.分析表明:工业化发展阶段不同,所对应的经济规模和产业结构不同,导致其工业废水排放量与水环境质量不同.目前,无锡市处于工业化的中后期阶段,虽然其工业废水排放水平随人均收入增加在逐渐减少,但是无锡市的水环境污染状况依然严重;湖州市处于工业化加速上升阶段,虽然其工业废水排放水平随人均收入的增加而逐步增加,但是湖州市水环境污染相对较轻.这是因为水环境质量不仅受工业污染源的影响,还受生活污染和农业面源污染的影响,同时还受当地水环境容量的制约.
关键词:  工业化  产业结构  工业废水排放量  水环境质量
DOI:10.18307/2004.0410
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院知识创新项目(KZCX2-311)国家自然科学基金项目(40371031)联合资助.
The Impact of Regional Difference of Industrialization on Water Quality in Taihu Basin: A Case Study on Wuxi and Huzhou
XIE Hongbin1, YAN Nailing2, YU Xiaogan2
1.Geography Institute of Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350001, P. R. China;2.Nanjing Institute of Geography & Liminology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
By comparing Wuxi with Huzhou, Taihu Basin, which are on the different stages of industrialization, this paper disclosed the relationship between industrialization and industrial waste drainage.It is showed that different scales of industry and industrial structure lead to different waste drainages.Wuxi is on the late stage of industrialization which industrial waste drainage is decreasing with increase of income per capita while Huzhou is on the accelerating stage of industrialization which industrial waste drainage is increasing with increase of income per capita, but the water pollution in Wuxi is more serious than Huzhou, the reason is that the water quality is affected not only by industrial water drainage, but also by non-point pollution as well as the environmental capacity.
Key words:  Industrialization  industrial structure  industrial waste drainage  water quality  Taihu Basin
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