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王国祥,成小英,濮培民.湖泊藻型富营养化控制——技术、理论及应用.湖泊科学,2002,14(3):273-282. DOI:10.18307/2002.0313
WANG Guoxiang,CHENG Xiaoying,PU Peimin.Lake Eutrophication Control in Technology, Theory and Application. J. Lake Sci.2002,14(3):273-282. DOI:10.18307/2002.0313
湖泊藻型富营养化控制——技术、理论及应用
Lake Eutrophication Control in Technology, Theory and Application
投稿时间:2001-09-20  修订日期:2002-03-10
DOI:10.18307/2002.0313
中文关键词: 富营养化  湖泊治理  综述
Keywords: Eutrophication  lake  control technique  review
基金项目:
作者单位
王国祥 南京师范大学地理科学学院, 南京210097 
成小英 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008 
濮培民 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008 
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中文摘要:
      湖泊富营养化防治走过了从控制营养盐、直接除藻,到生物调控、生态工程及生态恢复等艰难历程,各国为此投入了巨额资金,然而收效甚微,富营养化依然是全球性重大水环境问题.回顾和分析富营养化湖泊治理研究与实践的成功经验与失败教训,无疑将有助于采取更切实可行的技术有效控制湖泊富营养化.综观全球富营养化治理研究成果,不难看出,富营养化是一个典型的生态问题,生态问题只有用生态学方法解决.在全湖性富营养化难以快速根治的情况下,如何集中技术优势和有限财力,优先解决对人类生产生活影响较大的局部水域富营养化问题,逐步修复受损的湖泊生态系统、提高水体自净能力、改善水体环境质量并建立湖泊健康生态系统.
Abstract:
      The practice of controlling lake eutrophication has come a long and difficult way from controlling nutrient, direct killing algae to biomanipulation and ecolog ical restoration.Although many countries have put a huge amountof money into it, little effect has been produced yet.Lake eutrophication is still a serious global hy dro-environmental problem.Toreview and analyze experience and lessons drawn from researches and practices in this regard will undoubtedly be very beneficial to the adoption of more feasible techniques in effectively controlling lake eutrophication.After a comprehensive survey into worldwide research results in controlling lake eutrophication, itis obvious thateutrophication is a typical ecological problem.Ecological problems can only be solved through ecological ways.Since eutrophication can not be quickly controlled in whole-lake scale, it's the key how to centralize technical and financial resources for controlling the eutrophication in some important areas where human production and life are g reatly affected by eutrophication.Gradually, the degraded ecosystem might be remedied;selfpurifying capability enhanced and water quality improved.A healthy lake ecosystem will be restored finally.
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