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引用本文:高俊峰,毛新伟.太湖流域经济发展及其对洪涝的影响.湖泊科学,2002,14(1):47-52. DOI:10.18307/2002.0107
Gao Junfeng,MAO Xinwei.Economic Development And Its Impact to Flood Disaster In Taihu Basin. J. Lake Sci.2002,14(1):47-52. DOI:10.18307/2002.0107
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太湖流域经济发展及其对洪涝的影响
高俊峰1, 毛新伟2
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.水利部太湖流域管理局, 上海 200434
摘要:
太湖流域是我国最发达的地区之一,流域社会经济发展迅速,经济总量在全国占重要地位.太湖流域经济发展的特点是:经济发展迅速、城市化规模大、流域内区域差异明显.本文就经济发展所带来的洪涝问题做了分析,具体表现为:经济发展,地区承灾能力下降,洪涝灾害损失加大;土地利用变化,流域产水量增加,改变了洪涝形势;地面下沉影响了防洪工程的效益;圩区建设在发挥巨大的防洪除涝效益的同时,也带来负面效益.
关键词:  太湖流域  经济发展  洪涝
DOI:10.18307/2002.0107
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院项目(CXNIGLAS-A02-011、区域IV-9905、KZCX2-311);水利部太湖流域管理局资助
Economic Development And Its Impact to Flood Disaster In Taihu Basin
Gao Junfeng1, MAO Xinwei2
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China;2.Taihu Basin Authority, Shanghai 200434, P.R.China
Abstract:
As a most developed region in China Taihu Basin which with a quickly economic development has a important status in China economic development.The economic characters of Taihu Basin are quick development,large urbanization and economic difference in spatial distribution.Impacts to floods by some pyromania of eco-society development,such as land use change urbanization economic development polder construction were analyzed in this paper.The main conclusions included: (1) economic development made flood losses increase; (2)as land use changed, runoff increased; (3) land surface sedimentation resulted flood control engineering lost some capacities;(4) polders protect some land from flooding, but polder construction led quicker runoff.
Key words:  Taihu Basin  economic development  floods
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