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引用本文:秦伯强,胡维平,陈伟民,季江,范成新,陈宇炜,高锡芸,杨龙元,高光,黄文钰,姜家虎,张琛,刘元波,周子元.太湖梅梁湾水动力及相关过程的研究.湖泊科学,2000,12(4):327-334. DOI:10.18307/2000.0406
QIN Boqiang,HU Weiping,CHEN Weimin,FAN Chengxin,JI Jiang,CHEN Yuwei,GAO Xiyun,YANG Longyuan,GAO Guang,HUANG Wenyu,JIANG Jiahu,ZHANG Shen,LIU Yuanbo,ZHOU Ziyuan.Studies on the Hydrodynamic Processes and Related Factors in Meiliang Bay, Northern Taihu Lake, China. J. Lake Sci.2000,12(4):327-334. DOI:10.18307/2000.0406
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太湖梅梁湾水动力及相关过程的研究
秦伯强, 胡维平, 陈伟民, 季江, 范成新, 陈宇炜, 高锡芸, 杨龙元, 高光, 黄文钰, 姜家虎, 张琛, 刘元波, 周子元
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008
摘要:
太湖是位于长江下游的一个大型浅水湖泊.水动力过程和要素对浅水湖泊的环境演化有着复杂和深远的影响.本文基于 1998年开展的有关太湖梅梁湾的水动力过程的野外调查结果,总结了梅梁湾在夏季盛行风向条件下的湖流特征.发现了梅梁湾在夏季偏南风条件下,表层湖流以顺时针环流为主要特征.但在湾内靠近梁溪河口地区,流场受地形影响而有所不同.反映在叶绿素浓度和总磷、总氮浓度分布上,因受湖流影响较大而富集在梁溪河口周围,即偏于梅梁湾的东部.较少受湖流影响的总溶解磷和总溶解氮则仍以西部的闾江口为浓度最高地区.利用 1998年夏季湖流调查结果,计算发现梅梁湾与太湖的水量交换以梅梁湾流入太湖为主要特征,交换量为2 80m3·s-1.受动力作用影响较大的悬浮物浓度,在冬季偏北风作用下,湾口的浓度远高于湾内.当风速达 5m·s-1以上时,悬浮物浓度将显著增加,特别是底部泥沙悬浮增加,但在小风速条件下,悬浮物浓度的垂直变化不显著.指示着有机物颗粒在水表层悬浮物中占相当大的比重.上述这些结论对梅梁湾水源地的保护,对进一步认识水动力作用与悬浮物浓度分布,进而影响透明度和初级生产力,影响底泥内源污染释放,并在此基础上建立太湖生态环境管理模型非常重要.
关键词:  太湖  水动力过程
DOI:10.18307/2000.0406
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院"九·五"重点项目(KZ952-S1-220)和(KZ952-J1-212),"九·五"重大项目(KZ951-B1-205-02)和中国科学院"九·五"特别项目(KZ951-A1-301)联合资助.
Studies on the Hydrodynamic Processes and Related Factors in Meiliang Bay, Northern Taihu Lake, China
QIN Boqiang, HU Weiping, CHEN Weimin, FAN Chengxin, JI Jiang, CHEN Yuwei, GAO Xiyun, YANG Longyuan, GAO Guang, HUANG Wenyu, JIANG Jiahu, ZHANG Shen, LIU Yuanbo, ZHOU Ziyuan
Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P.R.China
Abstract:
Taihu Lake is a large shallow lake, located in the Delta of the Yang tze River.The hydrodynamic processes exert a profound influence on the lake environmental evolution.Based on the f ield investigation in Meiliang Bay, Taihu, in the summer of 1998, this paper at tempts to summarize the water current pat tern during the summer prevailing wind forcing.With the prevailing of southeast wind, the water current shows a clockwise circle, i.e.the water flows northward in the western coast and southward along the eastern coast.But in the northeast, close to the mouth of Liangxi River, a small inconsistent water current pat tern is presented.In the presence of above water current pat tern, the dist ribution of Chl-a concent ration, as well as the total nit rogen (TN) and to tal phospho rus (TP), shows a pattern associated with directions of water flowin the Meiliang Bay, i.e.Chl-a, TN and TP most ly concentrated in the northeastof Meiliang Bay.But the total dissolved nitrogen (TDN)and total dissolved phospho rus (TDP)concentrated in the northwestof bay because these components are less af fected by the transportation of water flow.The solid suspension (SS)concentration changed with the intensity of wind forcing and with water depth.The investig ation found that the concent ration of SS at the mouth of bay is g reater than that in the bay.Moreover, SS increased dramatically when the wind speed greater than 5m·s-1, but slig ht difference with the water depth if wind speed less than 4-5m·s-1, which indicated a high concent ration of organic mat ter in the upper layer of water.These findings will be very helpful for the protection of drinking water source, and understanding the relation between hydrodynamic processes and water transparency, primary productionn, etc.It is also of importance for the const ruction of Taihu Lake environmental management model.
Key words:  Taihu Lake  hydrodynamic process
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