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引用本文:李文朝,尹澄清,陈开宁,吴庆龙,潘继征.关于湖泊沉积物磷释放及其测定方法的雏议.湖泊科学,1999,11(4):296-303. DOI:10.18307/1999.0402
LI Wenchao,YIN Chengqing,CHEN Kainin,WU Qinglong,PAN Jizheng.Discussion on Phosphorous Release from Lake Sediment. J. Lake Sci.1999,11(4):296-303. DOI:10.18307/1999.0402
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关于湖泊沉积物磷释放及其测定方法的雏议
李文朝1, 尹澄清2, 陈开宁1, 吴庆龙1, 潘继征1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院生态环境研究中心, 北京 100085
摘要:
对东太湖三种类型9个样品的沉积物-上覆水柱状原样在滤除藻类、蔽光、室温、 微量充气条件下连续培养50d,上覆水中的PO43--P浓度在起初15d内增高了2个数量级,在随后 的33d中又下降了1个数量级并趋于稳定.这一过程有别于一般意义上的沉积物磷释放,本文提 出了另外一种解释.认为前期上覆水中的PO43-积累源于沉积物表面活性有机碎屑层的分解释放 磷,后期上覆水中的PO43-被沉积物吸附沉淀.并提出了以下假设:在自然条件下,沉积物表面活性 有机碎屑层释磷反应强烈,形成很高的PO43-P浓度并向沉积物和上覆水中扩散,在湖水中由于水 生植物吸收维持了较低的PO43--P浓度,在间隙水中由于扩散阻力较高而形成较陡的PO43--P浓度 梯度。与内源磷污染负荷等同的沉积物磷释放是指沉积物磷输出(到湖水中)通量与(自湖水)输入 通量之差值,在东太湖那样湖底条件比较稳定的湖泊中,磷的生物循环有可能严重干扰柱状原样 模拟实验,测定内源磷负荷采用全湖磷平衡法或原位围隔模拟实验法比较可靠.
关键词:  太湖  沉积物  磷释放  内源磷负荷
DOI:10.18307/1999.0402
分类号:
基金项目:环境水化学国家重点实验室开放基金;国家自然科学基金;国家“九五”攻关项目联合资助
Discussion on Phosphorous Release from Lake Sediment
LI Wenchao1, YIN Chengqing2, CHEN Kainin1, WU Qinglong1, PAN Jizheng1
1.Nanjing Institute of Geography Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008;2.Ecological Environmental Research Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085
Abstract:
Nine sediment-water columns were taken from three stations of East Taihu Lake (about lm in depth) in June, 1997. The overlying water of the cores was filtered (0.45μm), and then the cores were placed in a dark room for 50 days. Air-bubbling was used to keep oxidized conditions in the overlying water and upper sediment, without resuspending the sediment. The room temperature was between 23.5 and 31.2℃ , and the pH value of the overlying water and upper sediment was 7.2±0.2. Concentration of PO43--P in the overlying water was measured every 2 or 3 days to follow the P-release process. In the first 15 days,PO43--P level in the overlying water increased 2 orders of magnitude. But in the following 33 days, the PO43--P level decreased 1 order of magnitude and then stabilized. Such a process was also found in the West Lake, Hangzhou and Gehu Lake, Changzhou. We think it not a normal sediment-P-release process, but more complex as follows. In natural conditions of East Taihu Lake, the sediment is covered by a layer of detritus. Biological degradation is so intensive in this layer that PO43- accumulates to a high level and diffuses to both the overlying water and the sediment beneath it. In the sediment a steep PO43--P concentration gradient forms because of the high diffusive resistance. But in the overlying water, PO43--P is used by aquatic plants and is kept at a low level. We are not able to measure PO43--P concentration in the detritus layer, but an indirect evidence was found in the same lake: a PO43--P concentration gradient from 200mg m-3 in the upper sediment layer to 80mg m-3 in the sediment of 18cm depth existed when PO43--P concentration in the overlying water was only 22 mg m-3. In the core experiment, phosphorous biological cycling was broken when phytoplankton was removed from the overlying water by filtration, and thus, PO43- accumulated in the water quickly. After 15 days, the P-release reaction in the detritus layer was about to end, and P-diffusion from overlying water to the sediment triggered. In East Taihu Lake and the other similar lakes with stable bottom conditions, detritus layer may exist and affect P-release core experiment seriously. In such a situation, it is better to measure internal-P-loading by other means, such as whole lake P-budget and in-situ enclosure experiment.
Key words:  Taihu Lake  sediment  phosphorous release  internal phosphorous load
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