投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:项亮.鄱阳湖历史时期水面扩张和人类活动的环境指标判识.湖泊科学,1999,11(4):289-295. DOI:10.18307/1999.0401
XIANG Liang.Distinguishing the Change of Lake Level and Human Activities during Historical Period in Poyang Lake by Environmental Proxies. J. Lake Sci.1999,11(4):289-295. DOI:10.18307/1999.0401
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 2517次   下载 1788 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
鄱阳湖历史时期水面扩张和人类活动的环境指标判识
项亮
作者单位
项亮 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008 
摘要:
湖周人类活动,尤其是土地利用方式的变化,是导致湖泊沉积环境指标变化的重要因素之一.本文通过1997-1998年间对鄱阳湖西部湖湾洼地—大汉湖沉积记录中同位素年代、粒度、磁化率和有机碳等环境指标的分析,并对比历史文献记录,探讨了该地环境变化与人类活动的相互关系及环境指标的响应研究表明,水量增减不仅导致湖泊扩展与收缩,同时也是引起人类活动方式变化的重要因素,而多指标分析是判识自然环境变化与人类活动对环境指标影响的基本途径在一定情况下,沉积环境指标对人类活动的响应较环境变化更敏感.
关键词:  环境变化  人类活动  环境指标  鄱阳湖
DOI:10.18307/1999.0401
分类号:
基金项目:中国科学院专项基金
Distinguishing the Change of Lake Level and Human Activities during Historical Period in Poyang Lake by Environmental Proxies
XIANG Liang
Abstract:
Human activity is one of most important factors that affect the change of environmental proxies in lake sediment records during the historical period. In this paper, based on the analysis of multiple proxies (graim size, organic carbon, magnetic measurements and radiometric methods) and historical document records, the history of water-level fluctuations and the changes of human activities were reconstructed in Dachahu Lake area, the west part of Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China during the past 2 ka and probed into the linkage between human activities and environment changes. The studies show that there are striking responses in magnetic records to human activities and grain-size records to water level fluctuation documented by historical record. The following processes that the lake have undergone may reveal the corresponding changes of human activities or land use from lakeshore to hillside area in historical times. (1) Before AD 155, the environment of this area was fluvial depression or small shallow pond and sightly influenced by human activities. (2) In AD 155—480, the water level of Poyang Lake expanded southwards and the large water surface formed gradually, which provided good condition for the development of agriculture in the area and the impact of human activities was greatly enhanced. (3) After AD 480, the extension of Poyang Lake was at its climax, which forced human being withdraw from lakeshore area and turned to exploit hilly land. The alternation also caused the increase of soil erosion processes and the development of exploit delta in Poyang Lake quickly. (4) From AD 955 to 1180, there was a short dry period and water level began to descend, resulting in huge wetland formed and the increase of human activity in lakeshore area. (5) About AD 1545, the water level of Poyang Lake rised again because the outlet of the lake to the Changjiang River was obstructed gradually by he development of shoals. (6) During last 200 years, especially since the 1950s the greatest changes in evnironment proxies occurred due to the drastic increase of human activities, such as reclamation and deforestation on a large scale. The result is helpful for interpretation of the process of controlling the change of human aca-tivities in great shallow lake area.
Key words:  Environment change  human activity  environmental proxy  Poyang Lake
分享按钮