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引用本文:蔡后建.原生动物纤毛虫对太湖梅梁湾水质富营养化的响应.湖泊科学,1998,10(3):43-48. DOI:10.18307/1998.0308
Cai Houjian.The Reaponse of Ciliated Protozoans to Eutrophication in Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake. J. Lake Sci.1998,10(3):43-48. DOI:10.18307/1998.0308
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原生动物纤毛虫对太湖梅梁湾水质富营养化的响应
蔡后建
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
1993年4月-1994年1月研究了太湖梅梁湾湖区纤毛虫的群落分布.共检出7目19属.根据TSI指标,该湖区可分为富营养型和中营养型水域,在富营养型水域中分布着特有的纤毛虫种类,纤毛虫的多度和生物量与富营养状态有显著相关性,因此,可作为湖泊富营养化的指示群落,本研究中纤毛虫的主要类群寡毛目和缘名目的生物量与TSI值存在正相关,随TSI(chla)值的升高而增大,寡毛目一般是贫营养型水域的主要优势群落。富营养型水域内的纤毛虫的个体体积大于中营养型水域的纤毛虫,且有显著差异。
关键词:  纤毛虫  营养型  太湖  富营养化
DOI:10.18307/1998.0308
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(39600025)
The Reaponse of Ciliated Protozoans to Eutrophication in Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake
Cai Houjian
Nanjing Institude of Geography Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
Abstract:
The distribution of ciliated protozoans was studied in Meiliang Bay of Taihu Lake from Apr. 1993 to Jan. 1994. 7 orders and 19 genus were recorded. On the basis of the trophic state index [TSI(chla)],the study area was separated into mesotrophic and eutriphic regions. Some of the genus were restricted to eutrophic situations, such as: Paramecium spp., Euplotes spp.Acti-noholina spp., Didbiium spp.Dileptus spp.,Carchesiuin spp., Opisthostyla spp. The mean monthly abundance and biomass of total ciliates were positively correlated with the trophic gradient. Ciliated protozoan was a good indicative community for the lake eutrophication. The orders (Oligotrichida and Peritrichida) dominated the ciliate assemblages and incresed with the rising of the TSI(Chla). Oligotrichida was mainly dominant in the mesotrophic region. The mean volume of the ciliated protozoans in eutrophic lake region waswith significant difference.
Key words:  Ciliate  Taihu lake  eutrophication
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