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引用本文:李文朝,连光华.几种沉水植物营养繁殖体萌发的光需求研究.湖泊科学,1996,8(Z1):25-30. DOI:10.18307/1996.sup04
Li Wenchao,Lian Guanghua.Light demand for brood-bud germination of submerged plant. J. Lake Sci.1996,8(Z1):25-30. DOI:10.18307/1996.sup04
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几种沉水植物营养繁殖体萌发的光需求研究
李文朝, 连光华
中国科学院南京地区与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
对4种沉水植物营养繁殖体萌发的光需求进行了初步的实验研究。结果证明,强光照射可以打破菹草繁殖芽的休眠,促使其在夏初萌发,推论菹草繁殖芽的夏季休眠可能与其所处的水底光照不足有关。苦草、黑藻及金鱼藻营养繁殖体的萌发无需光刺激,但当水底相对光照强度小于5%时形成白化苗,不能进行正常的光合作用。沉水植物营养繁殖体萌发期的水底光照条件是决定沉水植物能否再生的关键因素。
关键词:  沉水植物  营养繁殖  萌发  光照
DOI:10.18307/1996.sup04
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Light demand for brood-bud germination of submerged plant
Li Wenchao, Lian Guanghua
Nanjing Institute of Geography & Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
Abstract:
Experimental studies were carried out on the basic light demand for brood-bud germination of submerged plant Vallisneria spiralis L., Hydrilla verticillata Royle, Ceratophyllum demersum and Potamogeton crisptts L. Intense light stimulation could break dormancy of brood-buds of P. crispus and lead to germination in the early summer In natural water body, summer dormancy of P. crispus brood-buds may be caused by low light intensity in the bottom. Light was not indispensable for brood-bud germination in the other three plant, but low relative radiation intensity (less than 5%) would cause albino young shoot which could not carry out normal photosynthesis. Thus, light condition at lake bottom in brood-bud germinating season was the key environmental factor for submerged plant to survive.
Key words:  Submerged plant  brood-bud  germination  light
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