投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:王洪起.于桥水库的水质保护与渔业生产.湖泊科学,1995,7(4):379-384. DOI:10.18307/1995.0413
Wang Hongqi.Water quality protection and aquaculture in Yuqiao Reservoir. J. Lake Sci.1995,7(4):379-384. DOI:10.18307/1995.0413
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 1802次   下载 1211 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
于桥水库的水质保护与渔业生产
王洪起
天津市环境保护科学研究所, 天津 300191
摘要:
大水面增养殖将水体中的氮、磷、有机物转化成鱼产品,并以渔获物的形式输出水体,从而加大水体氮、磷、有机物的输出量,有减缓水体富营养化、净化饮水水质的作用;同时鱼类的摄食、消化、排泄等新陈代谢活动可加速水中氮、磷等物质循环,使藻类繁衍,如果大量放养草鱼还会导致水草资源破坏、生态失衡,对饮水卫生、安全不利;网箱养鱼投入饲料,直接增加了水源有机污染。围网养殖对局部水域生态平衡有破坏作用,放养密度过大,投入饲料也会直接增加有机污染。库周鱼塘排水会增加水库氮、磷输入量。为保护水库水质和生态平衡,不要盲目往于桥水库中大量投放草鱼,禁止或限制网箱投饵养鱼和围网养殖。同时建议:保护现有鲤、鲫鱼资源,引进能利用腐屑资源的鲴类鱼,加大鲢、鳙放养规格,适度增殖鳜鱼,利用库中水草和库周鱼塘养殖草鱼,防治库中水草对水库水质的二次污染,同时发展了池塘渔业。
关键词:  饮水水源  水质保护  渔业生产  于桥水库
DOI:10.18307/1995.0413
分类号:
基金项目:
Water quality protection and aquaculture in Yuqiao Reservoir
Wang Hongqi
Tianjin Reearch Institute of Environmental Protection, Tianjin 300191
Abstract:
The aquaculture can lighten water eutruphication and improve drinking water quality. But on the other hand, the fish metabulism activities as eating, digest and drain can speed up the cycle velocity of the N, P and organic matter in the waters and accelerate reproduction of algae. If a large number of the grass carp (Cienopharyngodon iadllus) are put in the reservoir, the fish will destroy the ecological balance and the macrophytes which can improve the drinking water quality. Farming fish in net cases with composite food can increase organic pollution to the reservoir. Farming fish in the waters enclosed with the purse seine can also destroy the local macrophyte and ecological balance, and when a great number of the fish are put in the purse seine, the composite food must be thrown into the purse seine in the later culture period. Su farming fish in the purse seine also increases organic pollution by the food to rhe waters. The waste water discharged from the reservoir-side fishponds may increase N, P to the reservoir. The proposals for how to develop the aquaculture and protect the drinking water quality and ecological balance are as follows:1) A great number of grasb carps should not be put blindly in the reservoir; 2) Farming fish in the net case and purse seine should be stopped or limited; 3) The carp (Cyprinus carpio) and crucian carp (Carassius auralus) should be protected; 4) The Xenocyprisargenlea Gunther and Plagionathops microlepis Bleeker) which feed chiefly on decomposed macrophytes should be introduced into the reservoir; 5) Put bigger fiugerlings of silver carp (Hypophth almichthys molitrixi) and bighead carp (Aristuhthys nobilis) to the reservoir, and breed the manderin fish (Sunperaj chuatsi) in the reservoir; 6) The grass carp should be farmed in the reservuir-side fishponds with the macrophytes gathered from the reservoir.
Key words:  Drinking watersource  water quality protection  aquaculture  Yuqiao Reservoir
分享按钮