投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:曾一本.我国大、中草型浅水型湖泊渔业综合开发技术进展.湖泊科学,1995,7(1):85-92. DOI:10.18307/1995.0112
Zeng Yiben.Summary on technical progress in comprehensive fisheries exploitation of large and medium shallow weed-type lakes in china. J. Lake Sci.1995,7(1):85-92. DOI:10.18307/1995.0112
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 1605次   下载 1126 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
我国大、中草型浅水型湖泊渔业综合开发技术进展
曾一本
中国水产科学研究院, 北京 100039
摘要:
长江中下游湖泊大多属浅水草型湖泊,长期以来渔业利用处于落后状态。1986~1990年国家在江苏湖、湖北保安湖和安徽花园湖等地组织了大、中型浅水草型湖泊的综合开发技术,包括大水面鱼病害控制、围养区底层鱼捕捞技术、水体农业模式在内的科技攻关。本文以这五年所取得的成果为主,概述了我国大、中型浅水草型湖泊渔业综合开发技术方面的进展。
关键词:  大、中型浅水草型湖泊  渔业综合开发技术  水草
DOI:10.18307/1995.0112
分类号:
基金项目:"七五"科技攻关课题(编号75-06-04)
Summary on technical progress in comprehensive fisheries exploitation of large and medium shallow weed-type lakes in china
Zeng Yiben
Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Beijing 100039
Abstract:
Large and medium shallow weed-type lakes account for the major proportion in the eastern plain lake zone in the middle and lower reaches uf the Changjiajig River. Based on the previous studies, Gehu Lake in Jiangsu Province, Baoan Lake in Hubei Province and Huayuan Lake in Anhui Province were selected fur the study during 1986~1990. Through the key technical problem tackling study of comprehensive development, the fish production was raised to 450 kg/hm2 from previous 150 kg/m2. The output value of the 3 lakes increased by 17-1 million yuan (RMB) with the total profic of 90 millon yuan(RMB) in the 5 years. At the same time, the good water quality of the lakes was maintained. The comprehensive development techniques of large scale fish culture and enhancement in line with the lake condition, including the fish disease cuntrul technique which achieved 60% survival in fingerling rearing and 70% survival in table fish culture in fish pen and cages, and the fishing technique which raised the catching rate of bottom fish to 60%~90% fium former 10%~15% in different types of fish pen, the high valued crab, prawn and fish accounted for more than 85% of the total production, have been extended to many weed-type lakes in the country, achieving significant econumic, sueial and ecological bejiefit. Meanwhile, the study on the utilizing limit, major affecting factor and development pattern of aquatic weeds and the models of hydroagriculture in lake, has filled the blank of ihe relevaiit research field. This paper summarized the major progress of the study on comprehensive development techniques of large and medium shallow weed-type lakes in China, focusing on the achievements of technical break-through research project of weed-type lakes carried oiu in the "7th Five-Year" period.
Key words:  Large and medium shallow weed-type lake  comprehensive fisheries development techniques  aquatic weed
分享按钮