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引用本文:杨达源,王云飞.近2000年淮河流域地理环境的变化与洪灾——淮河中游的洪灾与洪泽湖的变化.湖泊科学,1995,7(1):1-7. DOI:10.18307/1995.0101
Yang Dayuan,Wang Yunfei.On change of geographic environment and flood damage along the Huaihe River basin during the last 2000 years. J. Lake Sci.1995,7(1):1-7. DOI:10.18307/1995.0101
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近2000年淮河流域地理环境的变化与洪灾——淮河中游的洪灾与洪泽湖的变化
杨达源1, 王云飞2
1.南京大学大地海洋科学系, 南京 210093;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008
摘要:
近2000年来淮河流域的洪涝灾害十分频繁。作者认为淮河中游的洪涝灾害与洪泽湖的演变有非常密切的关系。洪泽湖本是人工筑堤蓄水而形成的。湖区水位的上升与湖底淤高,势必会引起淮河中游发展溯源加积和洪水位的上升。估计鲁台子-蚌埠河段平均每公里河长加积了约3400×104t泥沙,由此造成泄洪不畅,加剧了洪害。
关键词:  洪泽湖  溯源堆积  淮河中游  洪灾
DOI:10.18307/1995.0101
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(项目编号:49271068)
On change of geographic environment and flood damage along the Huaihe River basin during the last 2000 years
Yang Dayuan1, Wang Yunfei2
1.Department of Geo and Ocean Science, Nanjing Uniersiiy, Nanjing 210093;2.Lake Sediment and Environment Laboratory, Nanjing Instilnlf of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008
Abstract:
338 times of heavy flood and waterlogging catastrophes happened in the Huaihe River Basin from 185 B. C. to A. D. 1982. These events were relevant to the changes of geographic environment in that region, one of the important factors was the forming of a man-made lake located at the end of the middle course of the Huaihe River. Hongze Lake was formed first in the Han Dynasty in about A. D. 200 in order to prevent the plain of the central part of Jiangsu Province from the encroachments by Huaihe River flood. And since then, the water level in the lake and the height of the lake bottom have risen constantly, which have led to the development of the headward accumulation and the meander bend in the lower reaches of the middle course of the Huaihe River. Hence, many flooding catastrophes took place along the middle course of the Huaihe River during the last 2000 years.
Key words:  Hongze Lake  headward accumulation  middle course of the Huaihe River  flood catastrophe
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