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引用本文:王锦旗,宋玉芝,薛艳.紫外辐射对菹草(Potamogetoncrispus)成株快速光响应曲线的影响.湖泊科学,2015,27(3):451-458. DOI:10.18307/2015.0312
WANG Jinqi,SONG Yuzhi,XUE Yan.Effects of ultraviolet radiation on rapid light-response curves of Potamogeton crispus. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(3):451-458. DOI:10.18307/2015.0312
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紫外辐射对菹草(Potamogetoncrispus)成株快速光响应曲线的影响
王锦旗1,2,3, 宋玉芝1,3, 薛艳1,3
1.南京信息工程大学应用气象学院, 南京 210044;2.江苏省环境演变与生态建设重点实验室, 南京 210023;3.江苏省大气环境监测与污染控制高技术重点实验室, 南京 210044
摘要:
将菹草(Potamogeton crispus)成株置于50、100、150、200μW/cm2剂量的UV-B辐射下,利用调制叶绿素荧光仪测定紫外辐射对菹草成株PSⅡ系统的损伤程度.结果表明:急性辐射初期叶片最大光合速率、耐强光能力、叶片捕光能力均随辐射剂量增大而减少;16 d后,UV-B辐射剂量小于100μW/cm2的实验组,辐射促进其叶片光能利用效率、最大光合速率、耐强光能力,而高于100μW/cm2的实验组,随辐射时间延长,其抑制作用持续,最终高于100μW/cm2剂量组植株均死亡,而低于100μW/cm2剂量组差异不大.结果表明辐射剂量小于100μW/cm2时,UV-B辐射对叶片最大光合速率、耐强光能力、叶片捕光能力的影响较小,而高于100μW/cm2时,UV-B辐射对植株叶片PSⅡ系统构成的损伤,降低了植株叶片的光合作用能力.春末夏初陆上紫外辐射逐渐增加,对菹草伤害程度加剧,因此,紫外辐射可能是促进菹草春末夏初大批衰亡的重要原因.
关键词:  菹草  快速光响应曲线  电子传递速率  光能利用效率  耐强光能力
DOI:10.18307/2015.0312
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41105113,51109109)和江苏省环境演变与生态建设重点实验室开放基金项目联合资助.
Effects of ultraviolet radiation on rapid light-response curves of Potamogeton crispus
WANG Jinqi1,2,3, SONG Yuzhi1,3, XUE Yan1,3
1.School of Applied Meteorology, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, P.R.China;2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Ecological Construction, Nanjing 210023, P.R.China;3.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Environment Monitoring and Pollution Control, Nanjing 210044, P.R.China
Abstract:
The adult plants of Potamogeton cripus were exposed to UV-B radiation with different doses (50, 100, 150 and 200μW/cm2) in lab, which were checked for the degree of injury to photosystem Ⅱ in the plants by means of modulated chlorophyll fluorometer (DIVING-PAM).The results showed that the maximum leaf photosynthetic rate, light-resistant ability and light-harvesting capacity all increased with the increasing radiation dose at the initial stage.The maximum photosynthetic rate, light-resistant ability and light-harvesting capacity were promoted when the UV-B radiation dose below 100μW/cm2 in the initial 16 days, and were inhibited when the dose beyond 100μW/cm2 when the inhibitory effect lasted with prolonging the irradiation time.Eventually, the treatment group all declined when the dose beyond 100μW/cm2, and the differences between the treatment groups were small when the dose below 100μW/cm2.It indicated that the maximum plant photosynthetic rate, light-resistant ability and light-harvesting capacity were injured less when the dose below 100μW/cm2, while the photosystem Ⅱ was injured by UV-B radiation when the dose beyond 100μW/cm2, so that the photosynthetic capacity reduced.Because the intensity of ultraviolet radiation on land surface increased in the late spring and early summer, the degree of damage to the plants increases evidently.Thus, the results of this study indicate that UV-B radiation may be an important factor leading to mass mortality of P.crispus in late spring and early summer.
Key words:  Potamogeton crispus  rapid light curves  electron transport rate  light use efficiency  light-resistant ability
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