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引用本文:蔡梅,钱旭,王元元,陆志华,张玮.太湖入、出湖湖区磷的特征及其影响因素分析.湖泊科学,2022,34(5):1493-1504. DOI:10.18307/2022.0507
Cai Mei,Qian Xu,Wang Yuanyuan,Lu Zhihua,Zhang Wei.Phosphorus cycle and its influencing factors in different areas of Lake Taihu. J. Lake Sci.2022,34(5):1493-1504. DOI:10.18307/2022.0507
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太湖入、出湖湖区磷的特征及其影响因素分析
蔡梅1, 钱旭1, 王元元1, 陆志华1, 张玮2
1.太湖流域管理局水利发展研究中心,上海 200434;2.上海海洋大学农业部鱼类营养与环境生态研究中心,上海 201306
摘要:
为进一步了解人类活动及环境因子对太湖磷污染的贡献,揭示磷在太湖不同介质中的迁移转化规律,本文以太湖主要入湖湖区竺山湖、西部沿岸区、南部沿岸区和主要出湖湖区东太湖为对象,调查了表层水、上覆水、间隙水和沉积物中总磷(TP)分布的概况,分析了不同介质中磷的交换特征及其影响因素. 结果表明,表层水和上覆水TP浓度基本相当,平均值均为0.10 mg/L,上覆水和间隙水TP差异较大,间隙水平均浓度约为上覆水的7倍,表层沉积物TP含量为474~2160 mg/kg. 在本研究水域中,TP具有较强的沉积物吸附特性,沉积物作为“汇”的特征明显强于其“源”的特征,且磷的留存能力高度依赖于铁浓度. 空间分布上,入湖湖区磷污染程度明显高于出湖湖区,竺山湖和西部沿岸区存在较大的底泥污染释放风险,但竺山湖外源污染影响较内源污染更加突出,应列为当前太湖磷治理重点关注的区域,建议以控源截污作为竺山湖周边区域的治理重点. 西部沿岸区需注重外源和内源污染同步控制. 南部沿岸区周边区域需妥善处理好未来经济发展与废水排放负荷的关系.
关键词:  太湖    不同湖区  表层水  上覆水  间隙水  沉积物
DOI:10.18307/2022.0507
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基金项目:
Phosphorus cycle and its influencing factors in different areas of Lake Taihu
Cai Mei1, Qian Xu1, Wang Yuanyuan1, Lu Zhihua1, Zhang Wei2
1.Water Conservancy Development Research Center of Taihu Basin Authority of Ministry of Water Resources, Shanghai 200434, P. R. China;2.Research Center for Fish Nutrition and Environmental Ecology, Ministry of Agriculture, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, P. R. China
Abstract:
This paper explores the influences of human activities and environmental factors to phosphorus (P) loadings in Lake Taihu, and further reveals the migration and transformation patterns of P across different mediums. To this end, the total phosphorus (TP) distribution characteristics were firstly investigated in surface water, overlying water, pore water and sediments, and further, the TP exchange characteristics and its influencing factors were analyzed, taking the main inlet-lake-areas such as the Zhushan Bay, the western coastal area, the southern coastal area, and the main outlet-lake-area of East Lake Taihu as study objects. The TP concentrations in surface water and overlying water was basically equivalent in those study areas, with an average concentration of 0.10 mg/L. Whereas, TP concentrations between the overlying water and the pore water showed large differences: the average TP concentration in pore water reached seven times of that in the overlying water. The TP content of surface sediment was about 474-2160 mg/kg. In those study areas, TP tended to be adsorbed into sediments rather than to be released from sediments, and the characteristics of sediments as "sink" were obviously stronger than those as "source". Also, the P retention capacity was found highly dependent on iron concentrations. Spatially, the degree of P pollution in the inlet-lake-areas was significantly higher than that in the outlet-lake-areas. Main inlet-lake-areas, e.g., Lake Zhushan and the western coastal area showed greater potential risks of TP release from the sediments. However, external P input was still more prominent than that of internal P loading for Lake Zhushan; thus, measures such as source control and pollution interception should be highlighted for those areas. Whilst, for the western coastal area, apart from the external P loading reduction, the potential risks of internal P loadings should also be concentrated. Additionally, for the surrounding region of the southern area, the relationship between future economic development and wastewater discharge loading should be comprehensively considered and properly handled.
Key words:  Lake Taihu  phosphorus  different areas of Lake Taihu  surface water  overlying water  pore water  sediments
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