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引用本文:夏军强,刘鑫,邓珊珊,周美蓉,李志威,彭玉明.三峡工程运用后荆江河段崩岸时空分布及其对河床调整的影响.湖泊科学,2022,34(1):296-306. DOI:10.18307/2022.0124
Xia Junqiang,Liu Xin,Deng Shanshan,Zhou Meirong,Li Zhiwei,Peng Yuming.Temporal and spatial distribution of bank retreat in the Jingjiang reach of the Yangtze River after the Three Gorges Project operation and its influence on channel adjustment. J. Lake Sci.2022,34(1):296-306. DOI:10.18307/2022.0124
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三峡工程运用后荆江河段崩岸时空分布及其对河床调整的影响
夏军强1, 刘鑫1, 邓珊珊1, 周美蓉1, 李志威1, 彭玉明2
1.武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室, 武汉 430072;2.长江水利委员会水文局荆江水文水资源勘测局, 荆州 434020
摘要:
三峡工程运用后长江中游荆江河段河床持续冲刷,局部河段崩岸频发,影响河道内悬沙输移与河床形态调整.本研究采用实测长程河道地形及固定断面地形资料,确定了2002-2018年荆江河段的主要崩岸区域,估算了崩岸土体的泥沙总量,进而定量分析了河岸崩退对河床调整的影响.计算结果表明:荆江段累计河岸崩退体积约为2.0亿m3,约占该河段总冲刷量的17.5%;腊林洲及北门口河段累计崩岸体积与累计水流冲刷强度呈较好的幂函数关系(R2=0.95,0.97);荆江段崩岸土体泥沙总量为2.7亿t,其中枝城-监利河段崩岸土体总量为1.67亿t,约占该河段沿程泥沙补给总量的30.7%,因此崩岸土体对悬沙沿程恢复有重要贡献;河岸持续崩退过程中,崩岸河段内的断面形态趋于宽浅,护岸工程修建后则明显趋于窄深,因此河道崩岸过程在一定程度上减缓了河床的冲深下切程度.
关键词:  河道崩岸  崩岸土体体积  断面形态  河床调整  荆江河段  三峡工程
DOI:10.18307/2022.0124
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51725902,U2040215,52009095)和中国博士后科学基金项目(2020M682476)联合资助.
Temporal and spatial distribution of bank retreat in the Jingjiang reach of the Yangtze River after the Three Gorges Project operation and its influence on channel adjustment
Xia Junqiang1, Liu Xin1, Deng Shanshan1, Zhou Meirong1, Li Zhiwei1, Peng Yuming2
1.State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China;2.Jingjiang Bureau of Hydrology and Water Resources Survey, Changjiang Water Resources Commission, Jingzhou 434020, P. R. China
Abstract:
After the operation of the Three Gorges Project, the Jingjiang reach underwent remarkable channel degradation, and bank retreat occurred frequently in local sub-reaches, which affected the transport of suspended sediment and the adjustments of channel geometry. The measured fluvial topographic maps and cross-sectional profiles during the period of 2002-2018 were adopted to determine the main zones and volumes of bank erosion, and the effect of bank retreat was then analyzed quantitatively on the channel adjustments of the Jingjiang reach. Calculated results show that:the cumulative volume of bank erosion in the Jingjiang reach was about 2.0×108 m3 during the period of 2002-2018, which accounted for 17.5% of the cumulative channel scour volume (11.4×108 m3). Empirical relationships were developed between cumulative bank erosion volume and fluvial erosion intensity during flood seasons in the Lalinzhou and Beimenkou sub-reaches, with the determination coefficients of 0.95 and 0.97 respectively. In addition, the total sediment amount from bank erosion in the Jingjiang reach was around 2.7×108 t, and the total amount in the reach between Zhicheng and Jianli was 1.67×108 t, accounting for about 30.7% of the total amount of sediment supplied from the channel. Therefore, bank retreat played an important role in the suspended sediment transport, especially for the recovery of fine sand along the channel. Finally, cross-sectional profiles tended to be wide and shallow during the stage of continuous bank retreat, while they became narrow and deep after the construction of bank revetment engineering. Therefore, bank retreat can reduce the undercutting of the riverbed to a certain extent in the Jingjiang reach.
Key words:  Bank erosion  soil volume from bank erosion  cross-sectional geometry  channel adjustments  Jingjiang reach  Three Gorges Project
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