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引用本文:谭文卓,李斌,王玉玉,肖雅渝,陆修远,杨梨萍,雷光春,蔡教慧,何木盈.西洞庭湖天然和人工改造湿地中克氏原螯虾(Procambarus clarkii)与日本沼虾(Macrobrachium nipponense)的食性差异.湖泊科学,2022,34(1):184-193. DOI:10.18307/2022.0106
Tan Wenzhuo,Li Bin,Wang Yuyu,Xiao Yayu,Lu Xiuyuan,Yang Liping,Lei Guangchun,Cai Jiaohui,He Muying.Diet variations of Procambarus clarkii and Macrobrachium nipponense in natural and modified wetlands at West Dongting Lake. J. Lake Sci.2022,34(1):184-193. DOI:10.18307/2022.0106
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西洞庭湖天然和人工改造湿地中克氏原螯虾(Procambarus clarkii)与日本沼虾(Macrobrachium nipponense)的食性差异
谭文卓1,2, 李斌1,2, 王玉玉1,2, 肖雅渝1,2, 陆修远1,2, 杨梨萍1,2, 雷光春1,2, 蔡教慧3, 何木盈3
1.北京林业大学生态与自然保护学院, 北京 100083;2.湖南洞庭湖湿地生态系统国家野外科学观测研究站, 常德 415923;3.西洞庭湖国家级自然保护区管理局, 常德 415923
摘要:
栖息地退化和外来物种入侵都是淡水生态系统中的主要威胁因素,因此,量化不同人类活动干扰强度下外来入侵生物和本土生物的食性组成差异,对于明确种间竞争强度,制定适合的管理对策至关重要.本研究应用碳、氮稳定同位素分析技术,比较了长江中下游西洞庭湖湿地受人类活动干扰程度不同的天然湿地和人工改造湿地中的入侵种克氏原螯虾(Procambarus clarkii)与本土种日本沼虾(Macrobrachium nipponense)的食性组成及差异.2017年8月8-18日在西洞庭湖区不同人类干扰强度的栖息地中采集了两种消费者和5种潜在食物来源样品,共计91个.测定碳氮稳定同位素含量后,使用贝叶斯混合模型,估算不同食物来源对消费者的贡献.研究发现:在两种栖息地中克氏原螯虾与日本沼虾食性均有重叠,且在改造湿地中重叠度更大.与克氏原螯虾相比,日本沼虾消费更多的动物性食物.与天然湿地相比,在改造湿地中由于克氏原螯虾数量更多,与本土种竞争食物资源,克氏原螯虾和日本沼虾δ13C比值都显著升高,食性组成均发生了变化,植物性食物来源比重增加.由于食性改变,在改造湿地中仅日本沼虾δ15N比值显著下降,克氏原螯虾在两种栖息地中δ15N比值无显著变化.本研究证明,随着人类干扰强度增大,受干扰湿地中外来入侵生物对本土生物的影响增大.
关键词:  贝叶斯混合模型  稳定同位素  生物入侵  营养关系  西洞庭湖
DOI:10.18307/2022.0106
分类号:
基金项目:中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(2017ZY15)、国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0405303)和北京林业大学大学生创新项目(x201810022141)联合资助.
Diet variations of Procambarus clarkii and Macrobrachium nipponense in natural and modified wetlands at West Dongting Lake
Tan Wenzhuo1,2, Li Bin1,2, Wang Yuyu1,2, Xiao Yayu1,2, Lu Xiuyuan1,2, Yang Liping1,2, Lei Guangchun1,2, Cai Jiaohui3, He Muying3
1.School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, P. R. China;2.National Field Scientific Observation and Research Station of Dongting Lake Wetland Ecosystem in Hunan Province, Changde 415923, P. R. China;3.National Nature Reserve of West Dongting Lake, Changde 415923, P. R. China
Abstract:
Habitat degradation and alien species invasion are the main threats for freshwater ecosystem. Therefore, quantifying the differences of diet composition between alien invasive and native species under different human disturbance intensities is very important for the understanding of the intensity of interspecific competition and determining appropriate management strategies. In this study, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis technique was used to compare the diet composition and variations between the invasive species of Procambarus clarkii and the native species of Macrobrachium nipponense at open water (nature) and black poplar (Populus nigra) plantation (modified) wetlands in the West Dongting Lake. Ninety-one samples of consumers and potential food sources were collected between August 8 and 18, 2017. Bayesian mixture model were used to estimate diet composition of P. clarkii and M. nipponense at the two types of wetland. Result showed that compared with natural wetland, the number of P. clarkii in the modified wetland was larger and the diet overlap between invasive species (P. clarkii) and native species (M. nipponense) was greater in the modified wetland than in the natural wetland. Compared with P. clarkii, the native specie (M. nipponense) consumed more animal food in natural wetland. In the modified wetland, the δ13C for both P. clarkii and M. nipponense increased significantly, and their diet contained higher proportion of plant food sources. However, only M. nipponense showed significant changes in δ15N, while δ15N of P. clarkii showed no significant changes between the two habitats. This study suggested that with the increase of human disturbance, the impact of alien invasive organisms on local organisms increased.
Key words:  Bayesian mixture model  stable isotope  biological invasion  trophic relationship  West Dongting Lake
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