投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:陈明华,史康佳,李志杰,蔡菲,张浩,张建辉,胡文涛.倒置显微镜拍照法对浮游植物计数的稳定性分析.湖泊科学,2020,32(5):1564-1574. DOI:10.18307/2020.0527
CHEN Minghua,SHI Kangjia,LI Zhijie,CAI Fei,ZHANG Hao,ZHANG Jianhui,HU Wentao.The stability of phytoplankton counting with inverted microscope. J. Lake Sci.2020,32(5):1564-1574. DOI:10.18307/2020.0527
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 311次   下载 208 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
倒置显微镜拍照法对浮游植物计数的稳定性分析
陈明华1,2, 史康佳3, 李志杰3, 蔡菲3, 张浩2, 张建辉3, 胡文涛3
1.南昌大学鄱阳湖环境与资源利用教育部重点实验室, 南昌 330031;2.南昌大学生命科学学院生态学实验室, 南昌 330031;3.南昌大学资源环境与化工学院, 南昌 330031
摘要:
准确定量分析湖泊河流中浮游植物群落结构对评价湖泊河流健康和保障人类饮水安全至关重要.显微镜镜检法是定量分析浮游植物群落结构的唯一方法,但不能满足浮游植物计数分析要求.在Utermöhl倒置计数管视野法基础上提出倒置显微镜拍照法,使用拍照法对小球藻、四尾栅藻、斜生栅藻3种纯藻样品和鄱阳湖野外样品计数得到:1)在5、10倍物镜下拍照因浮游植物个体太小导致计数不准确,在20、40倍物镜下拍照计数准确,增加拍照次数可较好地避免计数偏差,拍照次数是影响拍照法计数分析的主要因素;2)小球藻、四尾栅藻、斜生栅藻在20和40倍物镜下分别拍摄5和10张照片时每升浮游植物计数稳定;鄱阳湖野外样品在20和40物镜倍下分别拍摄5、10张照片时每升浮游植物计数稳定;3)倒置显微镜拍照法比计数框行格法、目镜视野法、目镜行格法和Utermöhl倒置计数管视野法计数稳定,变异系数最小为0.812.
关键词:  镜检  浮游植物  计数  倒置显微镜拍照法
DOI:10.18307/2020.0527
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(30860062)资助.
The stability of phytoplankton counting with inverted microscope
CHEN Minghua1,2, SHI Kangjia3, LI Zhijie3, CAI Fei3, ZHANG Hao2, ZHANG Jianhui3, HU Wentao3
1.Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Environment and Resource Utilization, Ministry of Education, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, P. R. China;2.Ecology Lab, School of Life, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, P. R. China;3.School of Resources Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, P. R. China
Abstract:
Accurate and quantitative analysis of phytoplankton communities in lakes and rivers is very important to evaluate the health of lakes and rivers and ensure the safety of human drinking water. Microscopic examination is the only method for quantitative analysis of phytoplankton community structure, but it can not meet the requirement of phytoplankton count analysis. Based on the vision field method with an Utermöhl inverted counter, the method of using photograph taken by inverted microscope is put forward. This approach was used to count the three kinds of pure algae samples and Lake Poyang field samples and we found that: 1) The count is not accurate with the magnification of 5 or 10 times because the phytoplankton is too small, but accurate for 20 or 40 times. The number of photos is the main factor affecting the counting and analysis of the photo method, with higher accuracy for large numbers of photo-taken times. 2) For all the samples, the counting results are stable when taking 5 or 10 photos with magnifications of 20 or 40 times. 3) The method of inverted microscope photograph is more stable than that of counting frame, eyepiece field of view, and Utermöhl inverted counter field of view, with a minimum variation coefficient of 0.812.
Key words:  Microscopy  phytoplankton  counting  inverted microscope photography
分享按钮