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引用本文:段洪涛,万能胜,邱银国,刘刚,陈青,罗菊花,陈远,齐天赐.富营养化湖库天-空-地一体化监控平台系统设计与实践.湖泊科学,2020,32(5):1396-1405. DOI:10.18307/2020.0513
DUAN Hongtao,WAN Nengsheng,QIU Yinguo,LIU Gang,CHEN Qing,LUO Juhua,CHEN Yuan,QI Tianci.Discussions and practices on the framework of monitoring system in eutrophic lakes and reservoirs. J. Lake Sci.2020,32(5):1396-1405. DOI:10.18307/2020.0513
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富营养化湖库天-空-地一体化监控平台系统设计与实践
段洪涛1, 万能胜2, 邱银国1, 刘刚3, 陈青1, 罗菊花1, 陈远1, 齐天赐1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所中国科学院流域地理学重点实验室, 南京 210008;2.安徽省巢湖管理局湖泊生态环境研究院, 合肥 230000;3.巢湖管理局环境保护监测站, 巢湖 238000
摘要:
湖泊和水库是我国的主要饮用水源地,但大都处于富营养化状态,蓝藻水华频发,已成为影响社会稳定、制约区域社会经济可持续发展的重大问题.蓝藻水华的整体应对策略,已经从被动应急转变为主动防御;但要做到主动防御,必须有现代化全方位的蓝藻灾害监测监控手段和体系,及时掌握蓝藻水华及其衍生灾害现状和动向,在未发生或者刚发生时及时觉察.本文针对富营养化湖库富营养化引起的蓝藻水华应急监控问题,按照“整个湖体、重点区域、关键位置”3个监测层次,利用中高分辨率卫星、无人机、岸基/平台视频、自动浮标、人工巡测等技术或手段,围绕“现状掌握、异常报警、原因追溯”的建设目标,提出了天-空-地一体化监控系统建设框架,明确了不同手段的协同方式和业务流程,并正在巢湖进行应用实践.相信本文提出的系统架构不仅在巢湖,在更多的富营养化湖库都具有重要的应用和推广价值.
关键词:  湖泊  水库  巢湖  蓝藻水华  系统平台  应急监测
DOI:10.18307/2020.0513
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2017ZX07603-001)资助.
Discussions and practices on the framework of monitoring system in eutrophic lakes and reservoirs
DUAN Hongtao1, WAN Nengsheng2, QIU Yinguo1, LIU Gang3, CHEN Qing1, LUO Juhua1, CHEN Yuan1, QI Tianci1
1.Key Laboratory of Watershed Geographic Sciences, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.Institute of Lake Ecology and Environment, Anhui Provincial Lake Chaohu Administration, Hefei 230000, P. R. China;3.Environmental Protection Monitoring Station, Anhui Provincial Lake Chaohu Administration, Chaohu 238000, P. R. China
Abstract:
Lakes and reservoirs are the main sources of drinking water in China, but most of them are in the state of eutrophication with frequent cyanobacterial blooms. This has become major issues affecting social sustainability and restricting the local development. The overall response strategy of cyanobacterial blooms must have modern and comprehensive monitoring methods and systems, so as to timely grasp the status and trends of such blooms and their derived disasters. This article aims at the emergency monitoring of cyanobacterial blooms in eutrophic lakes and reservoirs. According to the three monitoring levels of “the entire lake, key areas, and key locations”, the current satellite, drone, and shore-based /platform video, buoy, manual inspection and other technologies or methods have proposed the construction goals, system framework, and workflow. These are also applied in the Lake Chaohu. It is believed that this framework of monitoring system proposed in this paper has important application and promotion value not only in Lake Chaohu, but also in more eutrophic lakes and reservoirs.
Key words:  Lake  reservoir  Lake Chaohu  cyanobacteria blooms  system platform  emergency monitoring
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