投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:程一鑫,李一平,朱晓琳,施媛媛,朱雅,潘泓哲,徐芸蔚,程月.基于熵值环境基尼系数法的平原河网区污染物总量分配.湖泊科学,2020,32(3):619-628. DOI:10.18307/2020.0303
CHENG Yixin,LI Yiping,ZHU Xiaolin,SHI Yuanyuan,ZHU Ya,PAN Hongzhe,XU Yunwei,CHENG Yue.Total pollutant load allocation in plain river network based on the entropy-environmental gini coefficient method. J. Lake Sci.2020,32(3):619-628. DOI:10.18307/2020.0303
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 342次   下载 206 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
基于熵值环境基尼系数法的平原河网区污染物总量分配
程一鑫1,2, 李一平1,2, 朱晓琳1,2, 施媛媛1,2, 朱雅1,2, 潘泓哲1,2, 徐芸蔚1,2, 程月1,2
1.河海大学浅水湖泊综合治理与资源开发教育部重点实验室, 南京 210098;2.河海大学环境学院, 南京 210098
摘要:
为制定科学合理的水污染物总量控制方案,以典型平原河网地区——张家港市为例,构建与人口、资源、经济和水污染物承受能力相协调的单因子环境基尼系数模型,并通过贡献系数判断引起不公平的主要污染物分配单元.利用熵值-环境基尼系数最小化模型,确定张家港市各乡镇基于多元公平性原则的氨氮总量分配方案.结果表明:在水污染物总量分配过程中,污染物削减比例的大小和污染物现状排放量之间并不具有一致性,最终的分配方案要综合考虑多方因素确定.本研究构建的熵值-环境基尼系数最小化模型综合考虑了研究区域社会、经济、资源等多种客观因素,对于平原河网地区,由于其特殊的地理位置和自然条件,人口、资源等分布相对比较均匀,故基于该模型所得到的分配方案充分表现了多元公平性原则,更公平合理.
关键词:  平原河网  水动力水质耦合模型  环境基尼系数  贡献系数  污染物总量分配  张家港市
DOI:10.18307/2020.0303
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0405203,2016YFC0401703)、中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2018B48214,2017B20514,2018B48214)、中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科)和特色发展引导专项资金项目和国家自然科学基金项目(51779072,51579071)联合资助.
Total pollutant load allocation in plain river network based on the entropy-environmental gini coefficient method
CHENG Yixin1,2, LI Yiping1,2, ZHU Xiaolin1,2, SHI Yuanyuan1,2, ZHU Ya1,2, PAN Hongzhe1,2, XU Yunwei1,2, CHENG Yue1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lakes, Ministry of Education, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China;2.College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
Abstract:
In order to make a scientific reasonable plan for the total amount control of water pollutants, taking Zhangjiagang City as an example, a single-factor environmental Gini coefficient model was constructed, which involved in the factors of population, resources, economy and water environment tolerance. The main unfair pollutant distribution units were also analyzed by selecting the contribution coefficient as a judge. According to the minimum model of Entropy-Environmental Gini coefficient, the total amount allocation of ammonia nitrogen based on multivariate fairness in the towns of Zhangjiagang was proposed. The research found that there is no consistency between the proportion of pollutant reduction and the current discharge of pollutants in the total water pollutant load allocation process, and the final allocation scheme should be determined by considering many factors. In this study, the minimum model of entropy-environmental Gini coefficient takes many objective factors such as society, economy and resources into account. As for the plain river network areas, due to its special geographical location and natural conditions, the distribution of population and resources is relatively uniform, so the allocation scheme based on the model fully embodies the principle of multivariate fairness, which is more fair and reasonable.
Key words:  Plain river network  hydrodynamic and water quality model  environmental Gini coefficient  contribution coefficient  allocation of total amount of pollutants  Zhangjiagang City
分享按钮