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引用本文:包为民,顾雨薇,司伟,侯露,卢金利,落全富.降雨动态系统响应曲线修正方法在黄土区域水沙模拟中的应用.湖泊科学,2020,32(2):528-538. DOI:10.18307/2020.0221
BAO Weimin,GU Yuwei,SI Wei,HOU Lu,LU Jinli,LUO Quanfu.Application of rainfall dynamic system response curve method for streamflow and sediment simulation in loess region. J. Lake Sci.2020,32(2):528-538. DOI:10.18307/2020.0221
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降雨动态系统响应曲线修正方法在黄土区域水沙模拟中的应用
包为民1, 顾雨薇1, 司伟1, 侯露1, 卢金利2, 落全富3
1.河海大学水文水资源学院, 南京 210098;2.台州市水文站, 台州 318001;3.青山水库管理处, 杭州 311305
摘要:
采用水沙模型对流域水沙过程进行计算是目前分析和研究黄土地区水土流失、水沙锐减等问题的有效途径.由于降雨的时段均化和缺测、漏测、误测等问题,导致水沙模型的重要输入项和动力因子——降雨资料存在误差,进而影响水流和泥沙过程模拟精度.因此,本研究将降雨动态系统响应曲线的误差修正方法与概念性水沙模拟模型相结合以提高水沙过程模拟精度.此方法将水沙模型的水流模拟部分看作响应系统,通过修正水沙模型的重要输入项——面平均雨量,利用修正之后的面平均雨量系列,通过模型重新计算以提高模型对产汇流和产汇沙过程的模拟精度.通过理想案例验证该方法可行性后,选择黄土地区曹坪流域进行检验,结果表明修正后的水流和泥沙过程模拟精度均有显著提高,平均提高幅度分别为17.56%和15.86%.
关键词:  水沙模拟概念模型  降雨误差修正  动态系统响应  曹坪流域
DOI:10.18307/2020.0221
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划专项(2016YFC0402703)、中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(HKY-JBYW-2017-12)、国家自然科学基金项目(51709077)、博士后基金项目(2017M611679/1701019A)和水利部黄河泥沙重点实验室开放基金项目(201804)联合资助.
Application of rainfall dynamic system response curve method for streamflow and sediment simulation in loess region
BAO Weimin1, GU Yuwei1, SI Wei1, HOU Lu1, LU Jinli2, LUO Quanfu3
1.College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China;2.Taizhou Hydrological Station, Taizhou 318001, P. R. China;3.Qingshan Reservoir Management Office, Hangzhou 311305, P. R. China
Abstract:
It is an effective way to use the conceptual model of water and sediment to calculate the water-sediment process in loess region to analyze the current soil erosion and water-sediment reduction problems. There are errors in the rainfall data due to the temporal homogenization, missing measurements and mismeasurements, which influence the accuracy of the important input variable and dynamic factor of the model-rainfall, and then affect the accuracy of flow and sediment process simulation. Therefore, this study combines the rainfall dynamic system response curve method with the conceptual model of water and sediment to improve the accuracy of water and sediment process simulation. This method takes the water simulation part of the model as a response system to update the important input variable-mean area rainfall. Then the runoff, sediment yield and concentration is recalculated using the updated rainfall series to improve the accuracy of flow and sediment process simulation. After validating the feasibility of this method by the ideal case, an actual case is occurred in Caoping Basin in loess region. The results show that the method can both significantly improve the accuracy of the water and sediment simulation, and the average increases are 17.56% and 15.86% respectively.
Key words:  Conceptual model of water and sediment simulation  rainfall error correction  dynamic system response  Caoping Basin
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