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引用本文:于文波,王庆,魏南,梁迪文,杨宇峰,崔宗斌.基于DNA条形码技术的浮游动物休眠卵种类鉴定:以洞庭湖流域常德柳叶湖为例.湖泊科学,2020,32(1):154-163. DOI:10.18307/2020.0115
YU Wenbo,WANG Qing,WEI Nan,LIANG Diwen,YANG Yufeng,CUI Zongbin.Species identification of zooplankton resting eggs based on DNA barcode technology: A case study of Lake Liuye (Changde), Lake Dongting Basin. J. Lake Sci.2020,32(1):154-163. DOI:10.18307/2020.0115
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基于DNA条形码技术的浮游动物休眠卵种类鉴定:以洞庭湖流域常德柳叶湖为例
于文波1, 王庆1, 魏南1, 梁迪文1, 杨宇峰1, 崔宗斌2
1.暨南大学生态学系, 广州 510632;2.中国科学院水生生物研究所, 武汉 430072
摘要:
以洞庭湖流域的典型城市湖泊常德柳叶湖表层沉积物中浮游动物休眠卵为研究对象,采用DNA条形码技术进行种类鉴定,从191个休眠卵中成功获得101条有效序列,鉴定成功率约为53%.根据NCBI数据库比对成功鉴定休眠卵9科12属11种,另有6个样品鉴定到属或科;3个类群的种间遗传距离平均为种内遗传距离的68倍,表明可以利用线粒体细胞色素c氧化酶第一亚基编码基因(COⅠ)对休眠卵进行有效物种鉴定.通过Neighbor-Joining树进行系统发育分析,发现所鉴定的物种与其参比序列聚类为一支,所有物种分别聚为独立的一个支系,不同物种可有效区分.研究结果均表明,COⅠ基因作为DNA条形码可以实现沉积物中浮游动物休眠卵的物种鉴定.
关键词:  浮游动物  休眠卵  DNA条形码技术  COⅠ基因  洞庭湖流域  柳叶湖
DOI:10.18307/2020.0115
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41673080,41503072)和淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室开放课题(2018FB11)联合资助.
Species identification of zooplankton resting eggs based on DNA barcode technology: A case study of Lake Liuye (Changde), Lake Dongting Basin
YU Wenbo1, WANG Qing1, WEI Nan1, LIANG Diwen1, YANG Yufeng1, CUI Zongbin2
1.Department of Ecology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, P. R. China;2.Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, P. R. China
Abstract:
With the rapid development of modern molecular biology tools, especially DNA barcoding technology, a rapid, accurate and efficient identification method for species of zooplankton resting eggs is possible. In this study, zooplankton resting eggs, including copepods,cladocerans and rotifers in the surface sediments of Lake Liuye (Changde), a typical urban lake in Lake Dongting Basin, were studied. Using DNA barcode technology for species identification, 101 valid DNA sequences were successfully obtained from 191 resting eggs, and the identification success rate was 53%. According to the NCBI database comparison, 9 families, 12 genera and 11 species of resting eggs were successfully identified, and 6 samples were only identified to the genus or family level. The inter-species genetic distance of the three taxa was 68 times that of the intra-species genetic distance, indicating that the cytochrome oxidase Ⅰ (COⅠ) gene could be used for effective species identification of zooplankton resting eggs. Through the phylogenetic analysis by Neighbour-Joining tree, it was found that the identified species and their reference sequences were clustered into one branch, and all different species were clustered into independent branches respective. Therefore, different species could be effectively distinguished. The above results all indicate that the mitochondrial COⅠ gene, as a DNA barcode, can be used to identify the species of zooplankton resting eggs in sediment of lakes.
Key words:  Zooplankton  resting egg  DNA barcode technology  COⅠ gene  Lake Dongting Basin  Lake Liuye
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