|LIU Xuewen,LI Hongqing,YANG Yinqun,ZHONG Xia,WU Shi,JIANG Bo.Water level characteristics of Lake Caizi, lower reaches of the Yangtze River during wintering period based on long-term hydrological alteration. J. Lake Sci.2019,31(6):1662-1669. DOI:10.18307/2019.0606
|湖泊生态水位过程对维持湖泊生态系统结构、过程和功能的完整性具有重要意义，也是当今湖泊科学领域面临的重要科学问题.基于菜子湖湖区水位站（车富岭水位站）1956-2018年日水位资料，采用pettitt突变检验法分析水位的突变性特征.结合年保证率法得到菜子湖车富岭水位站低水位值，并在此基础上分析了低水位发生时间及历时、候鸟越冬期水位变化速率及其生态水位的区间阈值.主要结论有：菜子湖车富岭水位站1956-2018年年均水位无显著突变.菜子湖车富岭水位站低水位发生时间均值为年内的344 d，年际标准差为27 d，低水位的年均历时为69 d，标准差为49 d，有6年（1978、1997、2015-2018年）未发生低水位事件.菜子湖候鸟越冬期水位变化速率的均值为-0.009 m/d，年均值为-0.034~0.009 m/d，日均值为-0.051~0.016 m/d.菜子湖低水位发生时间的区间阈值为332~351 d，历时的区间阈值为33~98 d，变化速率的区间阈值为-0.070~0.020 m/d.加强菜子湖候鸟越冬期湿地生境保护适应性调度试验研究及生态环境监测，为菜子湖输水水位优化控制和菜子湖湿地生态保护提供科学依据.
|关键词: 菜子湖 低水位 阈值 优化调度
|Water level characteristics of Lake Caizi, lower reaches of the Yangtze River during wintering period based on long-term hydrological alteration
LIU Xuewen1, LI Hongqing1, YANG Yinqun1, ZHONG Xia2, WU Shi3, JIANG Bo1
1.Changjiang Water Resources Protection Institute, Wuhan 430051, P. R. China;2.Anhui Provincial Group Limited for Yangtze-to-Huaihe Water Diversion, Hefei 230000, P. R. China;3.Anhui Survey and Design Institute of Water Conservancy and Hydropower, Hefei 230088, P. R. China
|The ecological water level process of lakes is of great significance for maintaining the integrity of the lake ecosystem structures, processes and functions, and is also an important scientific issue of lake science field nowadays. Based on the daily water level data, pettitt test was used to analyze the abrupt change characteristics of water level of Lake Caizi at Chefuling Station from 1956-2018. The low water level of Lake Caizi at Chefuling Station was obtained using the annual guaranteed frequency method. The starting time and duration of low water level, the water level change rate during the overwintering period of migratory birds and the interval threshold of ecological water level were analyzed accordingly. The main conclusions are as follows:there is no significant abrupt change point in the average annual water level of Lake Caizi at Chefuling Station from 1956 to 2018. The average occurrence time of low water level of Lake Caizi at Chefuling Stations is day 344, with the inter-annual standard deviation 27 days. The average duration time of annual low water level is 69 days with the standard deviation 49 days. Among the calculated 63 years, there are 6 years (1978, 1997, 2015-2018) without low water level event. The average rate of water level change during the overwintering period of migratory birds is -0.009 m/d, the annual average rate is -0.034-0.009 m/d, and the daily average rate is -0.051-0.016 m/d. The interval threshold of the occurrence of low water level of Lake Caizi is 332-351 d, the interval threshold of the duration time is 33-98 d, and the interval threshold of water level change rate is -0.070-0.020 m/d. Strengthening experimental study on habitat adaptation and ecological environment monitoring during the overwintering period of migratory birds to provide scientific basis for water level regulation and wetland protection of the Lake Caizi.
|Key words: Lake Caizi low water level threshold optimized regulation