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引用本文:赵健,代丹,王瑞,郝晨林,何成达,于涛.太湖流域降雨和湖水酸根阴离子长期变化及其环境意义.湖泊科学,2019,31(1):88-98. DOI:10.18307/2019.0109
ZHAO Jian,DAI Dan,WANG Rui,HAO Chenlin,HE Chengda,YU Tao.Long-term trends of acid anion in the rain water in Lake Taihu watershed and the lake water, and its environmental implications. J. Lake Sci.2019,31(1):88-98. DOI:10.18307/2019.0109
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太湖流域降雨和湖水酸根阴离子长期变化及其环境意义
赵健1, 代丹1,2, 王瑞3, 郝晨林1, 何成达3, 于涛3
1.中国环境科学研究院, 北京 100012;2.北京师范大学水科学研究院, 北京 100875;3.扬州大学环境科学与工程学院, 扬州 225217
摘要:
为揭示太湖流域降雨和湖水酸根阴离子长期变化特征及环境意义,通过历史数据收集和采样分析,对太湖流域降雨和湖水中的SO42-、NO3-变化特征和来源进行了研究.结果表明:自1990s以来太湖流域降雨中SO42-呈显著下降趋势,年平均下降率为0.28 mg/(L·a);NO3-浓度却呈显著上升趋势,年平均增长率为0.05 mg/(L·a),降雨中氮污染呈现加重的趋势.与之相反,湖水中SO42-呈显著上升趋势,年平均增长率为1.24 mg/(L·a);NO3-浓度却呈显著下降趋势,年平均下降率为0.02 mg/(L·a).30年以来,太湖水体SO42-/NO3-比值不断升高,远高于降水SO42-/NO3-比值.研究认为:流域SO2排放引起的酸沉降是湖水SO42-浓度增长的最重要原因,但氮氧化物排放并未引起湖水NO3-浓度升高,说明太湖流域对大气沉降的氮氧化物有滞留作用,而太湖水体是流域大气沉降硫酸盐的重要汇.综合治理太湖流域酸性物质排放对防止太湖水体酸化和治理富营养化都具有重要意义.
关键词:  酸根阴离子  酸沉降  富营养化  降雨  太湖
DOI:10.18307/2019.0109
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2018ZX07208001,2017ZX07301003)和中国环境科学研究院环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室基金项目(SKLECRA2016OFP11,SKLECRA2017OFP01)联合资助.
Long-term trends of acid anion in the rain water in Lake Taihu watershed and the lake water, and its environmental implications
ZHAO Jian1, DAI Dan1,2, WANG Rui3, HAO Chenlin1, HE Chengda3, YU Tao3
1.Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China;2.College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, P. R. China;3.College of Environmental Science and Technology, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225217, P. R. China
Abstract:
To explore long-term trends of acid anions in the rain water in Lake Taihu watershed, the lake water and their environmental implications, the variation characteristics, sources and the relationships of SO42-, NO3- in the rain water and the lake water were studied via historical data collection and sampling analysis. The results indicated that SO42- in the rainwater showed a significant decreasing trend since 1990s with an annual average decrease rate of 0.28 mg/(L·a), and the NO3- showed a significant increasing trend with an annual average increase rate of 0.05 mg/(L·a), which suggests an aggravating trend of nitrogen pollution in the rain water. In contrast, SO42- in the lake water showed a significant increasing trend with an annual average increase rate of 1.24 mg/(L·a), and the NO3- showed a significant decreasing trend with an annual average decrease rate of 0.02 mg/(L·a). During the past 30 years, the ratio of SO42-/NO3- in Lake Taihu water continuously increased, much higher than that of the rain water. The research indicated that the acid deposition caused by SO2 emissions in the watershed was mainly responsible for the increased concentration of SO42- in the lake water. However, the nitrogen oxides emissions did not cause an increase concentration of NO3- in the lake water, indicating that Lake Taihu watershed plays a significant role in the retention of nitrogen deposition, while the lake water is an important sink for sulfate deposition. The regional nitrogen deposition has an important impact on Lake Taihu water eutrophication. It is of great significance to prevent the acidification and eutrophication in Lake Taihu via comprehensive management of acid emissions in Lake Taihu watershed.
Key words:  Acid anions  acid deposition  eutrophication  rainwater  Lake Taihu
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