投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:薛培英,赵全利,王亚琼,耿丽平,陈苗苗,王晓美,王殿武.白洋淀沉积物-沉水植物-水系统重金属污染分布特征.湖泊科学,2018,30(6):1525-1536. DOI:10.18307/2018.0605
XUE Peiying,ZHAO Quanli,WANG Yaqiong,GENG Liping,CHEN Miaomiao,WANG Xiaomei,WANG Dianwu.Distribution characteristics of heavy metals in sediment-submerged macrophyte-water systems of Lake Baiyangdian. J. Lake Sci.2018,30(6):1525-1536. DOI:10.18307/2018.0605
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 256次   下载 179 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
白洋淀沉积物-沉水植物-水系统重金属污染分布特征
薛培英1, 赵全利2, 王亚琼1, 耿丽平1, 陈苗苗3, 王晓美1, 王殿武1
1.河北农业大学资源与环境科学学院/河北省农田生态环境重点实验室, 保定 071000;2.河北农业大学教学试验场, 保定 071000;3.河北农业大学科学技术研究院, 保定 071000
摘要:
通过对白洋淀沉水植物及对应沉积物和水中Cd、Pb、As含量测定,以期揭示白洋淀沉积物-沉水植物-水系统中重金属污染状况及分布规律,明确不同沉水植物对重金属的富集能力.结果表明,地表水Cd、Pb、As浓度均符合我国地表水I类水质标准,不同采样区重金属浓度差异不显著.上覆水Pb浓度显著高于地表水和间隙水,间隙水As浓度显著高于地表水和上覆水;地积累指数法和潜在生态危害指数法评价结果表明,沉积物中重金属污染程度表现为Cd > Pb > As,Cd污染最严重,达到"轻度-偏重度"污染程度,"中等-极强"生态危害级别,As为清洁水平,不同采样区重金属污染程度表现为生活水产养殖区 > 纳污区 > 淀边缘区;沉水植物重金属富集能力表现为金鱼藻(Ceratophyllum demersum L.) > 菹草(Potamogeton crispus L.)和穗状狐尾藻(Myriophyllum spicatum L.) > 篦齿眼子菜(Potamogeton pectinatus L.).植物体内重金属含量与体内氮、磷含量呈显著正相关,氮、磷营养盐影响沉水植物对重金属的富集.
关键词:  白洋淀  重金属  水体污染  沉水植物  地积累指数法  生态危害指数法
DOI:10.18307/2018.0605
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(21407042)、河北省自然科学基金项目(D2015204109)和河北省普通高等学校青年拔尖人才项目(BJ2014033)联合资助.
Distribution characteristics of heavy metals in sediment-submerged macrophyte-water systems of Lake Baiyangdian
XUE Peiying1, ZHAO Quanli2, WANG Yaqiong1, GENG Liping1, CHEN Miaomiao3, WANG Xiaomei1, WANG Dianwu1
1.College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hebei Agricultural University/Key Laboratory for Farm Land Eco-environment, Baoding 071000, P. R. China;2.Farm of Teaching and Experimentation, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071000, P. R. China;3.Institute of Science and Technology of Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071000, P. R. China
Abstract:
Concentrations of cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb) and arsenic (As) in submerged macrophytes, the corresponding sediments and water (surface water, pore water and overlying water) of Lake Baiyangdian have been determined to investigate the pollution and distribution characteristics of heavy metals in sediment-submerged macrophyte-water system and heavy metals accumulation ability of submerged macrophytes. The results showed that Cd, Pb and As concentrations in surface water meet the standard of Class I of Environment Quality Standards for surface water (GB 3838-2002), and no significant difference was observed in heavy metals concentrations between different regions. Pb concentrations in overlying water is greater than that in surface and pore water, while As concentrations in pore water is significantly higher than that in surface and overlying water. In addition, results of geo-accumulation index (Igeo) and potential ecological risk index (RI) showed that, heavy metals pollution in sediment in the pattern Cd > Pb > As, with Cd coming up to slight to partial severe pollution and media to extremely strong ecological risk while As is still clean. Further, heavy metals contamination in sediment of different areas decreased in the order of Living and aquaculture area > Sewage residence area > Fringe area. Among the samples of submerged macrophytes the concentration of heavy metals were decreased in the order of Ceratophyllum demersum > Potamogeton crispus, Myriophyllum spicatum > Potamogeton pecinatus. It is worth noting that heavy metals concentrations in submerged macrophyte display obvious positive correlations with nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in plants, which means that nitrogen and phosphorus may enhance heavy metals accumulation of submerged plants.
Key words:  Lake Baiyangdian  heavy metals  water pollution  submerged macrophyte  geo-accumulation index  potential ecological risk index
分享按钮