投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:张云,王圣瑞,段昌群,焦立新,王一茹,高秋生.滇池沉水植物生长过程对间隙水氮、磷时空变化的影响.湖泊科学,2018,30(2):314-325. DOI:10.18307/2018.0204
ZHANG Yun,WANG Shengrui,DUAN Changqun,JIAO Lixin,WANG Yiru,GAO Qiusheng.Spatial-temporal variations of nitrogen and phosphorus forms in sediment porewater as affected by submerged plant in Lake Dianchi. J. Lake Sci.2018,30(2):314-325. DOI:10.18307/2018.0204
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 754次   下载 464 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
滇池沉水植物生长过程对间隙水氮、磷时空变化的影响
张云1,2,3,4, 王圣瑞1,2,3, 段昌群1, 焦立新2,3,4, 王一茹2,3, 高秋生2,3
1.云南大学生态学与环境学院, 昆明 650091;2.中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;3.中国环境科学研究院国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 湖泊生态环境创新基地, 北京 100012;4.云南省高原湖泊流域污染过程与管理重点实验室, 昆明 650034
摘要:
2015年6-10月通过原位采集滇池沉水植物分布区和无植物对照区柱状沉积物间隙水,分析其溶解性总氮(DTN)和溶解性总磷(DTP)、溶解性无机氮(DIN)和溶解性无机磷(DIP)及溶解性有机氮(DON)和溶解性有机磷(DOP)浓度的时空变化,探讨沉水植物分布对间隙水氮、磷浓度、形态贡献及氮磷比的影响.结果表明:滇池沉水植物生长过程显著影响间隙水氮、磷浓度.与无植物对照区相比,沉水植物生长过程对间隙水氮浓度的削减主要发生在6、8月,而对间隙水磷浓度的削减主要发生在7月,反映了沉水植物对氮、磷两种元素的生物地球化学循环作用机制不同;间隙水氮形态贡献受季节性影响较大,6-7月以DON贡献为主,沉水植物分布区和无植物对照区分别达到61%和84%;而8-10月以DIN贡献为主,沉水植物分布区和无植物对照区分别为76%和75%;沉水植物分布区磷形态贡献随季节波动变化,沉水植物分布区以DOP贡献为主(63%),无植物对照区以DIP贡献为主(62%);沉水植物生长对沉积物间隙水各形态氮磷比影响显著.沉水植物生长显著增加间隙水DTN/DTP比,尤其是DIN/DIP比,相反降低DON/DOP比.沉水植物对间隙水氮、磷吸收及转化过程改变了沉积物氮、磷释放机制,从而影响上覆水氮、磷组成及氮磷比,很可能会影响到浮游植物生长及藻类水华过程,这对于湖泊水质管理具有重要意义.
关键词:  沉水植物      氮磷比  间隙水  滇池
DOI:10.18307/2018.0204
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07102-004)和云南省高原湖泊流域污染过程与管理重点实验室开放基金项目(2017PL004)联合资助.
Spatial-temporal variations of nitrogen and phosphorus forms in sediment porewater as affected by submerged plant in Lake Dianchi
ZHANG Yun1,2,3, WANG Shengrui1,2,4, DUAN Changqun1, JIAO Lixin2,4,3, WANG Yiru2,4, GAO Qiusheng2,4
1.School of Ecology and Environmental Science, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China;3.Yunnan Key Laboratory of Pollution Process and Management of Plateau Lake-Watershed, Kunming 650034, P. R. China;4.Research Center of Lake Eco-Environment, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China
Abstract:
From June to October in 2015, the sediment interstitial water in columnar sediment samples was collected from the areas with/without submerged plants in Lake Dianchi. The concentration of the dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus fraction was analyzed as the changes of space and time, including dissolved total nitrogen(DTN), dissolved inorganic (DIN)and organic nitrogen (DON), dissolved total phosphorus(DTP), and dissolved inorganic (DIP) and organic phosphorus (DOP). The effect of submerged plant distribution on the N, P concentration and N/P ratio were also discussed in this study. The results showed that:(1)The growth process of submerged plants significantly has affected on the concentration of N and P in sediment interstitial water. Compared with the area without plants, the N removal by plants appeared in June and August, while the P removal by plants mostly was in July. The results reflected the biogeochemical effect of the submerged plant on the N, P concentration was obviously different. (2) DON was the main fraction of TN in June and July, accounting for 61% and 84% in the areas with and without submerged plants, respectively. DIN was the main fraction of TN from August to October, accounting for 76% and 75% in the areas with and without submerged plants, respectively. In contrast, DOP always was the primary fraction of TP with the seasons change, but respectively accounted for 63% and 62% in the areas with and without submerged plants. (3) Submerged plants can significantly enhance the ratio of DTN/DTP, especially for the DIN/DIP ratio, but on the contrary for the ratio of DON/DOP. In conclusion, submerged plants can change the N, P release mechanism of sediment through the absorption and transformation process of submerged plant for N and P in sediment interstitial water, and further affected on the N fraction, P fraction and N/P. That may affected the process of phytoplankton growth and algae blooms, which is of great significance to the management of water quality in lakes.
Key words:  Submerged plant  inorganic  phosphorus  N/P  interstitial water  Lake Dianchi
分享按钮