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引用本文:侯战方,陈诗越,孟静静,刘加珍,刘晓迪,魏本杰,孙莉,陈影影,刘子亭,肖燕.近1200 a来黄河下游梁山泊沉积记录的环境变迁.湖泊科学,2018,30(1):245-255. DOI:10.18307/2018.0124
HOU Zhanfang,CHEN Shiyue,MENG Jingjing,LIU Jiazhen,LIU Xiaodi,WEI Benjie,SUN Li,CHEN Yingying,LIU Ziting,XIAO Yan.Environmental changes in the lower reaches of Yellow River area during the last 1200 years revealed by multiple proxies from the Lake Liangshanpo. J. Lake Sci.2018,30(1):245-255. DOI:10.18307/2018.0124
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近1200 a来黄河下游梁山泊沉积记录的环境变迁
侯战方1,2,3, 陈诗越3, 孟静静1,2, 刘加珍1, 刘晓迪1, 魏本杰1, 孙莉1, 陈影影3, 刘子亭1, 肖燕1
1.聊城大学环境与规划学院, 聊城 252000;2.中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪国家重点实验室, 西安 710061;3.江苏师范大学地理测绘与城乡规划学院, 徐州 221116
摘要:
利用梁山泊670 cm柱状岩芯沉积物,基于精确的AMS-14C年代测定,通过高分辨率的粒度、磁化率、总有机碳、C/N比值等环境代用指标的综合分析,并结合历史文献记载,初步揭示了1200 a来黄河下游地区平原湖泊沉积特征及环境演化历史.结果表明,梁山泊环境演化大致分为5个阶段:790940 AD期间,为低湖面的沼泽沉积环境,气候冷干;9401215 AD期间,屡次受到黄河决溢洪水影响,湖盆扩张,湖泊水位上升,为梁山泊极盛期,气候暖湿;12151310 AD期间,黄河夺淮入黄海,湖区淤积严重,湖泊萎缩减小;13101470 AD期间,再次受到黄河决溢洪水影响,水位上升,面积扩张,但逊于极盛期;1470 AD至现代,黄河河道进一步南移,远离梁山泊,湖盆淤积抬高,梁山泊最终消失,直到1855 AD,黄河第6次大改道北移,湖泊再次受到黄河洪水影响,由于前期受到泥沙淤积抬高,该地区仅作为黄河泥沙承载区.在气候变化大背景下,黄河改道决溢是梁山泊演化的主因.
关键词:  粒度  磁化率  改道  决溢  古湖沼  湿地  古环境
DOI:10.18307/2018.0124
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41702373,41672345,41505112)、黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室开放基金项目(SKLLQG1509,SKLLQG1504)和山东省自然科学基金项目(ZR2011DQ015)联合资助.
Environmental changes in the lower reaches of Yellow River area during the last 1200 years revealed by multiple proxies from the Lake Liangshanpo
HOU Zhanfang1,2,3, CHEN Shiyue3, MENG Jingjing1,2, LIU Jiazhen1, LIU Xiaodi1, WEI Benjie1, SUN Li1, CHEN Yingying3, LIU Ziting1, XIAO Yan1
1.School of Environment and Planning, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252000, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, CAS, Xi'an 710061, P. R. China;3.School of Geography, Geomatics and Planning, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, P. R. China
Abstract:
A 670-cm-long sediment core from Lake Liangshanpo, a waterbody used to connect to the Yellow River, was analyzed to understand environmental changes in the lower reaches of Yellow River area during the late Holocene. Based on AMS-14C dating and the integration of high-resolution multi-proxy records such as grain size, magnetic susceptibility, total organic carbon, and C/N as well as historical documents, we infer that the lake has experienced five distinct phases of environment evolution during the last 1200 years. Our results show that a low lake-level stand with a wetland environment prevailed during 790-940 AD under dry and cold climate conditions. Then during 940-1215 AD, the lake expanded and reached to the maximum depth due to the flooding of the lower Yellow River (LYR) under relatively warm and wet climate conditions. In 1215-1310 AD, the lake began siltation likely due to the southward displacement of the Yellow River, experienced rapidly shrunk and a wetland environment. During 1310-1470 AD, the lake expanded due to the flooding of the LYR again, albeit the area is smaller than that of the maximum phase. From AD 1470 to the present, rapid siltation corresponding to the further southward displacement of the Yellow River especially in 1494 AD and until 1855 AD flooding events occurred when the channel of the LYR shifted back and the river discharged to the Bohai Bay. In sum, under the background of climate change, the avulsion and levee breaches of the LYR are the major reason for the environmental evolution of Lake Liangshanpo.
Key words:  Grain size  magnetic susceptibility  avulsion  levee breaches  palaeolimnology  wetland  palaeoenvironment
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