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引用本文:彭凯,李太民,刘利,邹伟,吴天浩,龚志军.苏北骆马湖浮游植物群落结构及其水质生物评价.湖泊科学,2018,30(1):183-191. DOI:10.18307/2018.0118
PENG Kai,LI Taimin,LIU Li,ZOU Wei,WU Tianhao,GONG Zhijun.Community structure of phytoplankton and bio-assessment of water quality in Lake Luoma, northern Jiangsu Province. J. Lake Sci.2018,30(1):183-191. DOI:10.18307/2018.0118
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苏北骆马湖浮游植物群落结构及其水质生物评价
彭凯1,2, 李太民3, 刘利3, 邹伟1,2, 吴天浩1,2, 龚志军1
1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008;2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;3.江苏省骆运水利工程管理处, 宿迁 223800
摘要:
为了解骆马湖浮游植物的群落结构及其水质健康状态,于2014年对骆马湖浮游植物进行逐月野外调查研究.共鉴定出浮游植物7门71种属,其中蓝藻门和硅藻门最多,其次为绿藻门.全湖细胞丰度在1.52×106~7.89×106 cells/L之间,全湖生物量在0.048~12.44 mg/L之间.非多维度量尺度分析结果显示,骆马湖全湖浮游植物生物量从冬春季喜低温的硅藻门为主演替到夏秋季喜高温的蓝藻门为主,表明骆马湖浮游植物有着明显的季节演替规律.与20世纪相比,骆马湖浮游植物优势种属有着很大的变化,富营养化指示属隐藻、纤维藻、针杆藻、鱼腥藻、伪鱼腥藻等明显增多,表明自20世纪以来,骆马湖富营养化程度正在加剧.与邻近的洪泽湖、南四湖、高邮湖、邵伯湖和宝应湖相比,骆马湖浮游植物细胞丰度高于宝应湖,但低于其他4个湖泊.基于浮游植物的水质评价结果,骆马湖目前处于从寡污带向β-中污带过渡的状态,富营养化程度轻于洪泽湖,与南四湖部分湖区富营养化程度相似.
关键词:  浮游植物  群落演替  生物指标  骆马湖  指示种  富营养化  大运河
DOI:10.18307/2018.0118
分类号:
基金项目:江苏省水利科技项目(2015043)和国家自然科学基金项目(41671110,31270505)联合资助.
Community structure of phytoplankton and bio-assessment of water quality in Lake Luoma, northern Jiangsu Province
PENG Kai1,2, LI Taimin3, LIU Li3, ZOU Wei1,2, WU Tianhao1,2, GONG Zhijun1
1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, P. R. China;3.Luoyun Management Division, Suqian 223800, P. R. China
Abstract:
Phytoplankton was investigated monthly in Lake Luoma, northern Jiangsu Province from January to December of 2014 in order to study the structure of phytoplankton community and the bio-assessment of water quality. A total of 7 phyla, including 71 genera or species of phytoplankton were identified. Chlorophyta was the most abundance taxa and followed by Cyanophyta and Bacillariophyta. The phytoplankton abundance of the whole lake was ranged from 1.52×106 cells/L to 7.89×106 cells/L, and the biomass was ranged from 0.048 mg/L to 12.44 mg/L. Nonmetric multidimensional scaling analysis demonstrate that the phytoplankton structure has obvious seasonal succession pattern. Compared to the 20th century, dominant genera have changed obviously. For example, the indicator genera of eutrophication, such as Cryptomonas, Ankistrodesmus, Synedra, Anabaena and Pseudanabaena have increased significantly, which indicates the increasing eutrophication trend of Lake Luoma since the last 20th century. Lakes Nansi, Hongze, Shaobo, Baoying and Gaoyou are close to Lake Luoma and are all connected by the Grand Canal. Compared with the four nearby lakes, the phytoplankton abundance in Lake Luoma are higher than that in Lake Baoying. Based on the bio-assessment of water quality, Lake Luoma has been suffered a transform from oligosaprobic zone to β-mesosaprobic zone pollution, and its eutrophication degree is lower than that of Lakes Hongze, Shaobo, Gaoyou, and is similar with some zones of Lake Nansi.
Key words:  Phytoplankton  community succession  biological index  Lake Luoma  indicator species  eutrophication  Grand Canal
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