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引用本文:谷孝鸿,毛志刚,丁慧萍,王银平,曾庆飞,王莲莲.湖泊渔业研究:进展与展望.湖泊科学,2018,30(1):1-14. DOI:10.18307/2018.0101
GU Xiaohong,MAO Zhigang,DING Huiping,WANG Yinping,ZENG Qingfei,WANG Lianlian.Progress and prospect of lake fishery in China. J. Lake Sci.2018,30(1):1-14. DOI:10.18307/2018.0101
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湖泊渔业研究:进展与展望
谷孝鸿, 毛志刚, 丁慧萍, 王银平, 曾庆飞, 王莲莲
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008
摘要:
作为一种传统产业,渔业在我国经济社会发展中具有不可缺失的重要地位.而渔业作为湖泊最重要的功能之一,其资源变动是湖泊生态系统演变的重要影响因子,同时湖泊渔业资源的变动和退化也是对环境变化最直接的响应.自1980s以来,随着湖泊水环境的改变,湖泊渔业资源衰退趋势明显,中上层浮游生物食性鱼类在鱼类群落中占优势,鱼类资源小型化、低龄化现象严重.本文以湖泊渔业发展的历程为切入口,系统阐述人类活动及湖泊环境变化对渔业资源及生态系统的影响,厘清现阶段湖泊水环境管理、湖泊生态系统修复、湖泊渔业可持续发展等关系,展望我国湖泊渔业的发展前景及新型模式.
关键词:  湖泊渔业  人类活动  富营养化  功能定位  生态调控
DOI:10.18307/2018.0101
分类号:
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划项目(2015BAD13B00,2015BAD13B06)和国家自然科学基金项目(31270506)联合资助.
Progress and prospect of lake fishery in China
GU Xiaohong, MAO Zhigang, DING Huiping, WANG Yinping, ZENG Qingfei, WANG Lianlian
State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
As a traditional industry, fishery plays an important role in the economic and social development of our country. The fishery is one of the most important functions of lakes, fishery resources change is an important factor affecting the evolution of lake ecosystem. Meanwhile, the change and degradation of lake fishery resources are the most direct response to environmental changes. But since 1980s, with the change of water quality and environment, lake fishery resources declined obviously, pelagic and planktivorous fish predominated in the fish community, showing a smaller size and lower aging tendency. Based on the history of lake fishery development, we expounded the influence of human activities and lake environment change on fishery resources and ecological system profoundly, clarified the relationships among water environment management, lake ecosystem restoration and sustainable development of lake fishery, and finally provided an outlook of the future of lake fishery.
Key words:  Lake fishery  human activities  eutrophication  functional orientation  ecological regulation
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