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引用本文:温新利,冯若楠,张根,薛颖昊,席贻龙.两小型浅水湖泊水体叶绿素a浓度的季节变化及与理化因子和生物因子的关系.湖泊科学,2017,29(6):1421-1432. DOI:10.18307/2017.0614
WEN Xinli,FENG Ruonan,ZHANG Gen,XUE Yinghao,XI Yilong.Temporal variations of chlorophyll-a concentration and their relationships with abiotic and biotic factors in two small shallow lakes. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(6):1421-1432. DOI:10.18307/2017.0614
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两小型浅水湖泊水体叶绿素a浓度的季节变化及与理化因子和生物因子的关系
温新利,冯若楠,张根,薛颖昊,席贻龙
作者单位E-mail
温新利 安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 安徽省高校生物环境与生态安全省级重点实验室, 芜湖 241000;皖江城市带退化生态系统的恢复与重建安徽省协同创新中心, 芜湖 241000  
冯若楠 安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 安徽省高校生物环境与生态安全省级重点实验室, 芜湖 241000;皖江城市带退化生态系统的恢复与重建安徽省协同创新中心, 芜湖 241000  
张根 安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 安徽省高校生物环境与生态安全省级重点实验室, 芜湖 241000  
薛颖昊 安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 安徽省高校生物环境与生态安全省级重点实验室, 芜湖 241000;农业部农业生态与资源保护总站, 北京 100125  
席贻龙 安徽师范大学生命科学学院, 安徽省高校生物环境与生态安全省级重点实验室, 芜湖 241000;皖江城市带退化生态系统的恢复与重建安徽省协同创新中心, 芜湖 241000 ylxi1965@126.com 
摘要:
为探讨非生物因子和生物因子对水体叶绿素a(Chl.a)浓度变动的相对重要性,对芜湖市内的汀棠湖(每半月1次)和镜湖(每4天或7天1次)进行高频采样,分析理化因子及浮游动物密度与Chl.a浓度间的关系.结果表明,从全年来看,2个湖泊的Chl.a浓度均与水温和透明度间分别呈现显著的正相关性和负相关性,与浮游动物密度均无显著相关性;镜湖Chl.a浓度随着总磷浓度和氮磷比的增加分别呈上升和降低趋势.从季节来看,冬季两湖中的Chl.a浓度最低,轮虫密度与此阶段镜湖中藻类Chl.a总浓度和小型藻类的Chl.a浓度间均呈显著负相关,且其对上述两类Chl.a浓度变动的影响程度最大,表明轮虫对藻类的牧食效应降低了冬季镜湖中的Chl.a浓度.从各环境因子对Chl.a浓度变动影响的相对权重来看,除了冬季的镜湖外,2个湖泊中的两类Chl.a浓度均与透明度的关系最密切,且均随着透明度的上升而降低,暗示了透明度可作为预测小型封闭性浅水湖泊中Chl.a浓度的简便指标.
关键词:  叶绿素a浓度  季节变动  非生物因子  生物因子  相对重要性  汀棠湖  镜湖
DOI:10.18307/2017.0614
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(31470015)、安徽省高校自然科学研究重点项目(KJ2017A320)和重要生物资源的保护与利用安徽省重点实验室专项基金联合资助.
Temporal variations of chlorophyll-a concentration and their relationships with abiotic and biotic factors in two small shallow lakes
WEN Xinli,FENG Ruonan,ZHANG Gen,XUE Yinghao,XI Yilong
Abstract:
Identifying the factors affecting the variations of chlorophyll-a concentration is very important in assessment and management of water quality in lakes. Most of previous studies focused on the relationships between chlorophyll-a concentration and abiotic factors, while paid little attention on the effects of biotic ones. To examine the relative importance of the abiotic and biotic factors on seasonal variation of chlorophyll-a in shallow lakes, water samples were collected semimonthly from February 2009 to January 2010 in Lake Tingtang, and four-day or one-week intervals from May 2008 to April 2009 in Lake Jinghu, respectively. Simultaneously, the abiotic factors including water temperature, pH, dissoloved oxygen, Secchi depth, total nitrogen(TN) and total phosphorus(TP) as well as the densities of rotifers and cladocerans were analyzed. The chlorophyll-a concentration in each water body was measured in two fractions:one filtered through a 25 μm plankton net (Chl.a<25 μm) and another unfiltered (Chl.a). During the monitoring period, the two fractions of chlorophyll-a in two lakes were both positively correlated with water temperature and negatively associated with secchi depth, and they did not show reverse relationship with the densities of rotifers and cladocerans in both lakes. Chl.a and Chl.a<25 μm increased significantly with TP but decreased with TN/TP ratio in Lake Jinghu, while they showed reducing trends with TN and TN/TP ratio in Lake Tingtang. During winter, the rotifer density was negatively associated with Chl.a and Chl.a<25 μm in Lake Jinghu, and the similar relationships between them were found in Lake Tingtang, indicating that the low chlorophyll-a concentration in winter might be partly due to the prey effect of rotifers on phytoplankton. Based on the relative weight of the effect intensity of each correlated factor on the variation of chlorophyll-a concentration, Chl.a and Chl.a<25 μm were both affected mostly by secchi depth. Additionally, the two fractions of chlorophyll-a decreased with an increase in secchi depth. Taken together, the results in this paper implied that Secchi depth might be a simple and convenient index for predicting chlorophyll-a concentration in the small enclosed lakes.
Key words:  Chlorophyll-a concentration  seasonal variation  biotic factor  abiotic factor  relative importance  Lake Tingtang  Lake Jinghu
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