投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:曾晓岚,王涛涛,罗万申,刘定,丁文川,王双双.设施农业生产区降雨径流和氮磷输出特征及模拟——以滇池东岸花卉大棚种植区为例.湖泊科学,2017,29(5):1061-1069. DOI:10.18307/2017.0504
ZENG Xiaolan,WANG Taotao,LUO Wanshen,LIU Ding,DING Wenchuan,WANG Shuang-shuang.Characteristics and simulation of rainfall runoff and nitrogen&phosphorus outputs in facil-ity agricultural area:A case study of flower greenhouse region in the East Coast of Lake Dianchi. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(5):1061-1069. DOI:10.18307/2017.0504
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 4108次   下载 3024 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
设施农业生产区降雨径流和氮磷输出特征及模拟——以滇池东岸花卉大棚种植区为例
曾晓岚1,2, 王涛涛1,2, 罗万申3, 刘定1,2, 丁文川1,2, 王双双1,2
1.重庆大学三峡库区生态环境教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400045;2.重庆大学低碳绿色建筑国际联合研究中心, 重庆 400045;3.中国市政工程西南设计研究总院有限公司, 成都 610081
摘要:
为掌握滇池流域花卉大棚种植区的非点源污染特征,提高和改善滇池水环境质量,本研究选取呈贡县斗南村花卉大棚种植区作为研究对象,在实测降雨径流数据的基础上,通过建立Storm Water Management Model模型分别对全年连续降雨条件下和典型设计降雨条件下的降雨径流水质、水量进行了模拟.研究结果表明:1)模型的流量、化学需氧量(CODCr)、悬浮物(SS)、总氮(TN)和总磷(TP)的Nash-Sutcliffe效率系数分别为0.858、0.835、0.803、0.712和0.752,能够较好地模拟研究区域的水质、水量变化.2)研究区域的平均径流系数为0.59,CODCr、SS、TN和TP的单位面积负荷率分别为118.34、82.90、54.64和5.46 kg/(hm2·a),TN和TP是主要控制的污染物.3)各污染物浓度峰值的出现时间均早于流量峰值出现的时间,因此对滇池东岸花卉大棚种植区应进行污染物尤其是TP、TN浓度与流量错峰控制.
关键词:  非点源污染  花卉大棚  SWMM模型  滇池流域  污染负荷
DOI:10.18307/2017.0504
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07102-001)、高等学校学科创新引智计划项目(B13041)和重庆大学大型仪器设备开放基金项目(201506150013)联合资助.
Characteristics and simulation of rainfall runoff and nitrogen&phosphorus outputs in facil-ity agricultural area:A case study of flower greenhouse region in the East Coast of Lake Dianchi
ZENG Xiaolan1,2, WANG Taotao1,2, LUO Wanshen3, LIU Ding1,2, DING Wenchuan1,2, WANG Shuang-shuang1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Reservoir Region's Eco-Environment, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, P. R. China;2.National Centre for International Research of Low-Carbon and Green Buildings, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, P. R. China;3.Southwest Municipal Engineering Design & Research Institute of China, Chengdu 610081, P. R. China
Abstract:
In order to improve water quality of Lake Dianchi,the characteristics of non-point source pollution from flower green-house area along the east bank of the Lake Dianchi were explored.The Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) was built with measured rainfall runoff data to simulate the quantity and quality of rainfall runoff under both continuous and typical rainfall condi-tions in a flower greenhouse area in Dounan Village,Chenggong County.The results indicate that:1) The Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency coefficients of the flow,chemical oxygen demand (CODCr),suspended solids (SS),total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) in the SWMM are 0.858,0.835,0.803,0.712 and 0.752,respectively,so that the SWMM model can be used to predict the quantity and quality of rainfall runoff in the area.2) The average runoff coefficient of the area is 0.59.The annual loads per unit area of CODCr,SS,TN and TP are 118.34,82.90,54.64 and 5.46 kg/(ha·a),respectively.TN and TP are major pollutants.3) The peaks of every pollutant concentrations appeared earlier than the flow peak so controlling the pollutant load should be ad-vanced,especially for TN and TP controlling.
Key words:  Non-point source pollution  flower greenhouse  SWMM model  Lake Dianchi basin  pollution load
分享按钮