投稿中心

审稿中心

编辑中心

期刊出版

网站地图

友情链接

引用本文:刘嘉丽,刘强,伍婧,储国强,刘嘉麒.大兴安岭四方山天池全新世以来沉积物正构烷烃分布、单体碳同位素特征及古环境意义.湖泊科学,2017,29(2):498-511. DOI:10.18307/2017.0226
LIU Jiali,LIU Qiang,WU Jing,CHU Guoqiang,LIU Jiaqi.N-alkanes distributions and compound-specific carbon isotope records and their paleoenviromental significance of sediments from Lake Sifangshan in the Great Khingan Mountain, Northeastern China. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(2):498-511. DOI:10.18307/2017.0226
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 2195次   下载 1652 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
大兴安岭四方山天池全新世以来沉积物正构烷烃分布、单体碳同位素特征及古环境意义
刘嘉丽, 刘强, 伍婧, 储国强, 刘嘉麒
中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所, 新生代地质与环境重点实验室, 北京 100029
摘要:
对位于大兴安岭中北段四方山天池全新世以来湖泊沉积物中正构烷烃的分布特征及其单体碳同位素组成进行了讨论分析.结果表明,正构烷烃碳数分布范围为nC17~nC33,绝大多数样品具有单峰型的分布特征,少数样品呈现双峰型分布特征,单峰型以nC27为主峰,双峰型分布中前峰群以nC21为主峰、后峰群以nC27为主峰;短链正构烷烃(<nC21)奇偶优势不明显,中链(nC23~nC25)和长链正构烷烃(>nC27)具有明显的奇碳优势;正构烷烃的分布特征揭示四方山天池湖泊沉积物中的有机质来源于陆生植物和水生植物的共同输入,并以陆生植物贡献为主.全新世以来,四方山天池湖泊沉积物中长链正构烷烃单体碳同位素值(δ13C27~31)逐渐偏负,与太阳辐射的变化表现出明显的一致性,表明在轨道尺度上该区域的有效湿度的逐渐增加主要受太阳辐射的控制,湖泊水位的变化则既受到西太平洋副热带高压和鄂霍次克海高压相对位置的影响,又受到东南季风和东北季风势力强弱的制约.根据多种气候代用指标的变化,全新世以来四方山天池湖泊环境及其区域气候演化可以划分为5个阶段:(1)11.28.0 ka BP:区域有效湿度较低,陆生C3植物中木本植物比例略有增加,湖泊水位频繁波动,湖泊初级生产力下降,湖泊营养状态发生贫化;(2)8.06.4 ka BP:区域有效湿度增加,陆生C3植物中草本植物比例略有增大,湖泊水面收缩、水位下降,湖泊初级生产力变化不大,湖泊营养状态较为稳定;(3)6.43.4 ka BP:区域有效湿度比上一阶段更高,陆生C3植物中木本植物扩张,草本植物比例相对收缩,湖泊水位上升、水面扩大,湖泊初级生产力增加,湖泊营养状态发生好转;(4)3.42.4 ka BP:区域有效降水量继续增加,陆生C3植物中草本植物比例升高,湖泊水位下降、水面收缩,湖泊初级生产力下降,湖泊营养状态发生贫化;(5)2.40.9 ka BP:区域有效湿度较高,陆生C3植物中木本植物逐渐增加,湖泊水位上升、水面扩张,湖泊初级生产力增加,湖泊营养状态有所好转.四方山天池湖泊沉积物所记录的全新世以来区域气候环境演化历史,既与中国东北地区其他高分辨率气候记录有较好的一致性,也存在着差异性,表现出独有的区域气候特征.
关键词:  大兴安岭  四方山天池  湖泊沉积物  正构烷烃  单体碳同位素  湖泊演化
DOI:10.18307/2017.0226
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41272392,41572353,41320104006)资助.
N-alkanes distributions and compound-specific carbon isotope records and their paleoenviromental significance of sediments from Lake Sifangshan in the Great Khingan Mountain, Northeastern China
LIU Jiali, LIU Qiang, WU Jing, CHU Guoqiang, LIU Jiaqi
Key Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, P. R. China
Abstract:
Lake Sifangshan (49°22'32.97"N, 123°27'49.90"E, altitude:933 m asl) is a nearly dried up volcanic lake, located on the central-northern part of the Great Khingan Mountain, northeast China. This study obtained n-alkane samples from Holocene sediment cores in the lake, and analysed their distribution and compound specific carbon isotope compositions. The distribution of n-alkanes showed the four following characteristics:(1) a homologous series of n-alkanes was detected with carbon numbers ranging from nC17 to nC33; 2) Most samples show a single peak, while others have double peeks; 3) For single peak samples, the peak is nC27, and for double peak samples, the first peak is nC21 and the second peak is nC27; 4) For short chain (<nC21) n-alkanes do not have obvious carbon number characteristics. For middle (nC23~nC25) and long (>nC27) chain n-alkanes have an odd-over-even carbon number predominance. These characteristics show that the organic matter in the lake came from both terrestrial and aquatic plants, the former of which is the main input. The isotope ratios (δ13C27~31) of n-alkanes in these samples are negative, and gradually decreases along the time, in good accordance with changes of summer solar radiation in the Northern Hemisphere during the Holocene. This implies that effective precipitation changes on the orbital scale were directly controlled by changes in summer solar radiation. Based on above proxy indicators, the environmental evolution of Lake Sifangshan during Holocene is divided into five stages:(1) In the 11.2-8.0 ka BP,effective precipitation was low and proportion of woody plants in terrestrial C3 plants increased slightly.The lake water level fluctuated frequently, but the primary productivity and nutritional status of the lake deteriorated. (2) In the 8.0-6.4 ka BP,effective precipitation increased and proportion of woody plants in terrestrial C3 plants increased slightly. The lake surface area shrunk and water level dropped.The primary productivity and nutritional status of the lake were stable. (3) In the 6.4-3.4 ka BP, effective precipitation was higher than that in the previous stage, and the proportion of woody plants increased but that of herbs decreased.The lake surface area expanded and water level rised.The primary productivity increased, and the tropical level of the lake started to be lower; (4) In the 3.4-2.4 ka BP,effective precipitation continued to rise, and the proportion of herbs increased. The lake surface area shrunk and water level dropped. The primary productivity decreased, and depletion of nutrition occurred again. (5) In the 2.4-0.9 ka BP,effective precipitation was in a high level and the proportion of woody plants increased gradually. The lake surface area expanded and water level rised.The primary productivity increased and the tropical level of the lake started to get lower. The climatic evolution produced by this study is in good agreement with other high-resolution climate records of Northeast China, and the differences show unique regional climate characteristics of the Lake Sifangshan.
Key words:  Great Khingan Mountain  Lake Sifangshan  lake sediment  n-alkanes  compound-specific carbon isotope  lake evolution
分享按钮