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引用本文:赵忠红,张乃明,扈学文,包力,夏运生.云南阳宗海表层沉积物有机质组成结构对磷赋存形态特征的影响.湖泊科学,2017,29(2):308-316. DOI:10.18307/2017.0206
ZHAO Zhonghong,ZHANG Naiming,HU Xuewen,BAO Li,XIA Yunsheng.Effects of composition and structure of natural organic matter on phosphorus fractions in sediment from Lake Yangzonghai, Yunnan Province. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(2):308-316. DOI:10.18307/2017.0206
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云南阳宗海表层沉积物有机质组成结构对磷赋存形态特征的影响
赵忠红1, 张乃明1, 扈学文2,3, 包力1, 夏运生1
1.云南农业大学资源与环境学院, 昆明 650201;2.中国环境科学研究院, 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室, 北京 100012;3.中国环境科学研究院国家环境保护湖泊污染控制重点实验室, 湖泊生态环境创新基地, 北京 100012
摘要:
利用连续提取分级的方法定量分析阳宗海表层沉积物磷赋存形态,阐明了沉积物C、N、H和O组成及溶解有机质(DOM)紫外-可见光谱特征,探讨沉积物元素组成及DOM组成结构对不同形态磷含量的影响.结果表明:(1)沉积物潜在可移动磷含量在68.67~124.70 mg/kg之间变化,平均占总磷含量的9.81%,表现为BD-P > NaOH-nrP > NH4Cl-P;沉积物稳定磷含量在496.73~908.28 mg/kg之间变化,平均占总磷含量的60.86%.(2)沉积物C、N含量和疏水性DOM光谱参数A240-400表现出北部高、南部低的变化趋势,但H/C、O/C和(N+O)/C摩尔比和亲水性DOM光谱参数A240-400变化趋势则与之恰好相反.(3)沉积物NH4Cl-P含量与C、N和H含量之间呈显著正相关,但与H/C、O/C、(N+O)/C摩尔比和亲水性DOM光谱参数E2/E3值之间呈显著负相关;NaOH-rP和BD-P+NaOH-rP含量均与O含量及O/H摩尔比呈显著负相关;NaOH-rP、BD-P+NaOH-rP和HCl-P均与疏水性DOM光谱参数A240-400值之间呈显著正相关.因此,天然有机质元素组成及官能团结构是影响沉积物磷赋存形态的重要因素.
关键词:  阳宗海  沉积物  元素组成  溶解有机质  磷形态
DOI:10.18307/2017.0206
分类号:
基金项目:云南省科技创新人才计划(2015HC018)项目资助.
Effects of composition and structure of natural organic matter on phosphorus fractions in sediment from Lake Yangzonghai, Yunnan Province
ZHAO Zhonghong1, ZHANG Naiming1, HU Xuewen2,3, BAO Li1, XIA Yunsheng1
1.College of Resources and Environment, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China;3.Research Center of Lake Eco-Environment, State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory for Lake Pollution Control, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing 100012, P. R. China
Abstract:
Characteristics of phosphorus fractions in surface sediments of the Lake Yangzonghai were studied applying the method of continuous extraction and classification. The element composition of C, N, H and O, UV-vis spectrum features of hydrophobic and hydrophilic dissolved organic matter (DOM), and their effects on P fractions in sediments were also clarified.The results indicated that the mobile-P contents in sediment ranged in 68.67-124.70 mg/kg and accounted for 9.81% of total phosphorus on average. The immobile-P contents in sediment ranged in 496.73-908.28 mg/kg, accounting for 60.86% of total phosphorus on average. The contents of different P forms decreased from north to south part, and the immobile-P content was significantly higher than that of mobile-P, indicating P retention in sediments. The contents of C, N and UV-vis spectrum integral area (A240-400) of hydrophilic DOM showed a decreasing trend from north to south of the lake, while the ratios of H/C, O/C, (O+N)/C and the A240-400 value of hydrophobic DOM presented a reversing trend. Significantly positive correlations were found between NH4Cl-P and C, N and H contents, and the negative correlations were found between NH4Cl-P contents and H/C, O/C, (N+O)/C, UV-vis spectrum eigenratio (E2/E3) of hydrophilic DOM. In addition, NaOH-rP and BD-P+NaOH-rP have negative correlations with the O and O/H ratios, but all of the NaOH-rP, BD-P+NaOH-rP and HCl-P contents in sediments have positive correlations with the A240-400 value of hydrophobic DOM. Therefore, element composition and functional groups structure of nature organic matter is the important factors influencing the P fractions.
Key words:  Lake Yangzonghai  sediment  elements composition  dissolved organic matter  phosphorus fractions
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