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引用本文:黄真理,王毅,张丛林,张爽,李海英.长江上游生态保护与经济发展综合改革方略研究.湖泊科学,2017,29(2):257-265. DOI:10.18307/2017.0201
HUANG Zhenli,WANG Yi,ZHANG Conglin,ZHANG Shuang,LI Haiying.Strategic study on comprehensive reform for ecological protection and economic development of the upper Yangtze River. J. Lake Sci.2017,29(2):257-265. DOI:10.18307/2017.0201
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长江上游生态保护与经济发展综合改革方略研究
黄真理1, 王毅2, 张丛林2, 张爽1, 李海英1
1.中国水利水电科学研究院/国家水电可持续发展研究中心, 北京 100038;2.中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院, 北京 100190
摘要:
依托长江黄金水道推动长江经济带发展是国家重大战略举措,如何解读“坚持生态优先、绿色发展”、“共抓大保护、不搞大开发”的理念,是长江经济带发展需要破解的重大命题.本文针对长江经济带发展的难点地区——长江上游地区,提出设立“长江上游经济带经济体制和生态文明体制综合改革试验区”的设想,认为应着眼于体制变革和机制创新,以依托黄金水道推动长江经济带发展为目标,以梯级水电开发为抓手,以深化区域综合配套改革为根本动力,给予地方政府在资源、环境、经济社会发展等领域中更大的自主权.本文分析了设置试验区的战略意义和定位,提出了该试验区的重点创新内容.
关键词:  长江上游经济带  生态保护  经济发展  综合改革试验区  黄金水道  水电
DOI:10.18307/2017.0201
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(71503245,51379218)、水利部公益性行业科研专项(SD0136A022015)、中国长江三峡集团公司科研项目(SD0203A032015,SD0203A012015)和中国水利水电科学研究院科研专项(SD0145B302016,SD0145B16201600000)联合资助.
Strategic study on comprehensive reform for ecological protection and economic development of the upper Yangtze River
HUANG Zhenli1, WANG Yi2, ZHANG Conglin2, ZHANG Shuang1, LI Haiying1
1.National Research Center for Sustainable Hydropower Development, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, P. R. China;2.Institutes of Science and Development, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P. R. China
Abstract:
Depending on the golden water way to promote the development of Yangtze River Economic Zone is an important national strategy of the new normality. How to interpret and implement the concept of "ecological priority and green development" and "implementing big protection and prohibiting large-scale development"proposed by President Xi Jinping, is becoming the key points of the Yangtze River Economic Zone. However, the upper reach of Yangtze River is a difficult region to which its importance has not been attached in building up the Yangtze Economic Zone. This paper proposes a tentative plan to establish "Experimental Region of Comprehensive Reforms for Ecological Protection and Economic Development of the Upper Yangtze River", through an unified top planning, collaboration among the related provinces, five pillar industries and the establishment of infrastructural fund, so as to resolve the conflict between protection and development, while focusing on structural (institutional) reform and mechanism innovation, to release further the local governments' energies on resources management, environmental protection, economic and social development. This paper discusses the strategic significance, development orientations, and the key innovative contents of the Experimental Region.
Key words:  Upper Yangtze River Economic Zone  ecological protection  economic development  experimental region of comprehensive reforms  golden water way  hydropower
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