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引用本文:王念民,汤施展,李喆,孙大江,纪锋,华振河.五大连池水质现状及近30年前后变化.湖泊科学,2016,28(5):1004-1009. DOI:10.18307/2016.0509
WANG Nianmin,TANG Shizhan,LI Zhe,SUN Dajiang,JI Feng,HUA Zhenhe.Status of water quality and succession changes in Lake Wudalianchi in the last 30 years. J. Lake Sci.2016,28(5):1004-1009. DOI:10.18307/2016.0509
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五大连池水质现状及近30年前后变化
王念民1, 汤施展1, 李喆1, 孙大江1, 纪锋2, 华振河3
1.中国水产科学研究院黑龙江水产研究所, 哈尔滨 150076;2.中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所, 武汉 430223;3.黑龙江省五大连池市日河渔业有限公司, 黑河 164155
摘要:
2012-2013年春、夏、秋季,对五大连池11个采样点的水质变化进行研究,分析湖水水质现状,比较30年前后湖泊的水质变化并评估五大连池富营养化程度.结果表明,五大连池不同部分、季节、年份的水质参数指标波动剧烈,可能是受水产养殖及氮、磷浓度变化影响,2池和3池浮游生物量及叶绿素a浓度明显较低;同1980s相比,水质变化较大,一些指标显示水质已趋向好转,但5池却接近重度富营养化,说明近几年的还湿、迁居等保护措施初见效果,但整个湖泊水质恢复需要漫长过程.
关键词:  水质  富营养化  五大连池
DOI:10.18307/2016.0509
分类号:
基金项目:黑龙江水产研究所中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(HSY201201)、国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD25B10-05)和黑龙江省冷水性鱼类种质资源及增养殖重点开放实验室项目(201201)联合资助.
Status of water quality and succession changes in Lake Wudalianchi in the last 30 years
WANG Nianmin1, TANG Shizhan1, LI Zhe1, SUN Dajiang1, JI Feng2, HUA Zhenhe3
1.Heilongjiang River Fishery Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Harbin 150076, P. R. China;2.Yangtze River Fishery Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuhan 430223, P. R. China;3.Rihe Fishery Co. Ltd. of Wudalianchi, Heihe 164155, P. R. China
Abstract:
As the second largest volcanic avalanche lake in China, Lake Wudalianchi is a representatively natural water body in high latitude region of China, which is a famous and multifunctional natural landscape. For studying the current situation of water quality (WQ) of lake, changes of WQ during the past 30 years and evaluating the eutrophic grade of the lake, we collected and studied 15 WQ indices on 11 sampling sites of Lake Wudalianchi in the spring, summer, autumn during 2012 and 2013. The results showed that, the WQ parameters of Lake Wudalianchi as shallow lake in the temperate continental monsoon climate zone change intensively in different areas and different seasons and years. The plankton biomass and chlorophyll-a concentration from the Second and Third Ponds are lower than those of the Fifth Pond, probably as the results of reduction of phosphorus, nitrogen and incremental fishery production in the formers. Comparison with the lake WQ indices during 1980s, mass of phytoplankton, total phosphorus and total nitrogen concentrations decrease significantly now, noting that WQ may be tending to better status. However trophic level index of Fifth Pond is exceeding 70 with the 3 times of the 1980s, which is adjacent to severe eutrophication status. The environmental safeguards of Lake Wudalianchi such as relocation of residents, returning farmland to wetland are effective at beginning phase, but individual part of lake remains a bad WQ suggesting a long-term treatment required.
Key words:  Water quality  eutrophication  Lake Wudalianchi
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