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引用本文:米玮洁,邹怡,李明,陈明秀,董方勇.三峡水库消落区典型草本植物氮、磷养分计量特征.湖泊科学,2016,28(4):802-811. DOI:10.18307/2016.0413
MI Weijie,ZOU Yi,LI Ming,CHEN Mingxiu,DONG Fangyong.Nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry characteristics of typical herb plants in the water-fluctuation-zone of Three Gorges Reservoir. J. Lake Sci.2016,28(4):802-811. DOI:10.18307/2016.0413
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三峡水库消落区典型草本植物氮、磷养分计量特征
米玮洁, 邹怡, 李明, 陈明秀, 董方勇
水利部中国科学院水工程生态研究所水利部水工程生态效应与生态修复重点实验室, 武汉 430079
摘要:
为明确消落区土壤养分对植物生长的影响,通过室内栽培试验,研究三峡库区秭归消落区土壤3种氮磷水平下4种草本植物—鬼针草(Bidens pilosa)、苍耳(Xanthium sibiricum)、水蓼(Polygonum hydropiper)、藜(Chenopodium album)长势及氮、磷计量特征. 结果表明,消落区土壤中生长的植物氮含量为7.98~19.4 mg/g,磷含量为0.740~3.880 mg/g,氮磷比为3.48~13.70,判别植物生长受氮限制. 外源氮磷的添加促进植物氮、磷含量明显升高,但氮磷比没有明显变化;外源氮磷添加解除植物受氮的限制作用. 4种植物对消落区土壤低氮环境具有一定的适应能力. 比较消落区土壤中4种植物长势,鬼针草生物量、相对生长率、根茎生物量比最高,氮磷养分丰富对鬼针草生长促进作用最明显,表明鬼针草更易于在氮、磷贫乏的三峡库区消落区形成优势群落.
关键词:  消落区      氮磷比  氮限制  根茎比  三峡水库
DOI:10.18307/2016.0413
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07104-003-04)资助.
Nitrogen and phosphorus stoichiometry characteristics of typical herb plants in the water-fluctuation-zone of Three Gorges Reservoir
MI Weijie, ZOU Yi, LI Ming, CHEN Mingxiu, DONG Fangyong
Key Laboratory of Ecological Impacts of Hydraulic-Projects and Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystem of Ministry of Water Resources, Institute of Hydroecology, Ministry of Water Resources and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430079, P.R.China
Abstract:
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) availability limit plant growth in most terrestrial ecosystems. Plastic responses of plants to N and P supply cause variation in biomass and N/P ratios, associated with differences in root allocation, nutrient uptake, biomass turnover and reproductive output. We investigated the growth characteristics and nutrients acquirement of four dominant herb plant species (Bidens pilosa, Xanthium sibiricum, Polygonum hydropiper, and Chenopodium album) sampled from Zigui water-fluctuation-zone of Three Gorges Reservoir by pots cultivation at three N and P levels. In the process of plant growth, we determined plant biomass and nutrient contents of plant tissues. N contents of plant growing in soil ranged in 7.98-19.4 mg/g, and P, ranged in 0.740-3.880 mg/g, and N/P, ranged in 3.48-13.70, which indicated that plants were under N limitation. After N & P supply, N and P contents increased significantly, and plant growth were not limited by N. By comparing the growth characteristics of 4 plant species in soil, the following results were obtained. B. pilosa had significant higher biomass, relative growth rate and root/shoot biomass ratio. After N & P supply, B. pilosa growth were promoted significantly. B. pilosa would be dominant community in soil of poor nutrient level in water-fluctuation-zone of Three Gorges Reservoir.
Key words:  Water-fluctuation-zone  nitrogen  phosphorus  N/P ratio  nitrogen limitation  root/shoot biomass ratio  Three Gorges Reservoir
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