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齐凌艳,黄佳聪,高俊峰,黄琪,周毅,田威.洪泽湖叶绿素a浓度的时空变化特征.湖泊科学,2016,28(3):583-591. DOI:10.18307/2016.0314
QI Lingyan,HUANG Jiacong,GAO Junfeng,HUANG Qi,ZHOU Yi,TIAN Wei.Spatial-temporal variation characteristics of chlorophyll-a concentration in Lake Hongze. J. Lake Sci.2016,28(3):583-591. DOI:10.18307/2016.0314
洪泽湖叶绿素a浓度的时空变化特征
Spatial-temporal variation characteristics of chlorophyll-a concentration in Lake Hongze
投稿时间:2015-03-05  修订日期:2015-09-01
DOI:10.18307/2016.0314
中文关键词: 叶绿素a  洪泽湖  时空变化  典范对应分析
Keywords: Chlorophyll-a  Lake Hongze  spatial-temporal variation  canonical correspondence analysis
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划"973"项目(2012CB417006)资助.
作者单位E-mail
齐凌艳 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;中国科学院大学, 北京 100049  
黄佳聪 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008  
高俊峰 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008 gaojunf@niglas.ac.cn 
黄琪 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京 210008;中国科学院大学, 北京 100049  
周毅 江苏省水文水资源勘测局, 南京 210029  
田威 江苏省水文水资源勘测局, 南京 210029  
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中文摘要:
      叶绿素a浓度是衡量藻类生物量及评价水体营养状态的重要指标.基于洪泽湖2012年12月至2013年11月的水质监测数据,利用统计手段分析湖区叶绿素a浓度的时空变化规律,并进一步探究叶绿素a浓度与各项水质理化因子的响应关系.从时间维度上看,洪泽湖叶绿素a浓度季节变化规律在不同湖区有所差异,东部湖区叶绿素a浓度随季节变化曲线呈"双峰型",分别在3月和8月达到峰值.北、西部湖区叶绿素a浓度在春季变化平缓,并在秋季达到峰值.从空间维度上看,3个湖区之间叶绿素a浓度在春、冬两季存在显著差异,其余季节差异不显著.典范对应分析表明洪泽湖不同月份、不同湖区叶绿素a浓度与水质理化因子之间存在不同的响应关系.本研究为探究洪泽湖藻类时空异质性原因、宏观掌控其营养状态以及制定相应水质改善措施提供参考依据.
Abstract:
      Chlorophyll-a concentration is usually measured to indicate algae biomass and to evaluate eutrophication level of freshwater lakes. Based on the water quality monitoring data from December 2012 to November 2013, this paper is aimed to analyze the spatial-temporal variation characteristic of chlorophyll-a concentration in Lake Hongze and further to explore the relationship of chlorophyll-a concentration and other water quality factors. Firstly, from the statistical charts of series chlorophyll-a concentration from eight water sampling sites, the seasonal variation curve of eastern zone showed a bimodal in about March and August. However, the seasonal variation curve of chlorophyll-a concentration in the northern zone and western zone were different. The tendency of chlorophyll-a concentration in above two zones kept steady in spring, decreased in middle of summer and then increased to the summit in about September. There were significant differences among three zones in spring and winter, meanwhile, the difference of chlorophyll-a concentration in other two seasons was not significant. In spring and winter, the chlorophyll-a concentration in eastern zone was apparently lower than that of the other two zones, which was mainly due to its high liquidity and the frequent movement of lake currents. Moreover, because of a large amount of nutrients from the surrounding farmland and fish pond injecting into the southern zone, the chlorophyll-a concentration in this zone was much higher than that of other zones. Finally, the canonical correspondence analysis between chlorophyll-a concentration and aquatic factors, including chemical oxygen demand, dissolved oxygen, total phosphorus, total nitrogen and temperature, was applied in the present research. The results revealed different response relationship existed in different months and locations. Therefore, reducing the polluted inflow from upstream, farm and fish pond was probably effective way to control algae biomass in Lake Hongze.
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