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温周瑞,徐军,谢平.太湖高等水生植物稳定碳、氮同位素特征.湖泊科学,2016,28(1):163-169. DOI:10.18307/2016.0119
WEN Zhourui,XU Jun,XIE Ping.Carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes of macrophytes from Lake Taihu. J. Lake Sci.2016,28(1):163-169. DOI:10.18307/2016.0119
太湖高等水生植物稳定碳、氮同位素特征
Carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes of macrophytes from Lake Taihu
投稿时间:2015-02-11  修订日期:2015-06-23
DOI:10.18307/2016.0119
中文关键词: 太湖  水生植物  稳定同位素  差异  贡湖湾  梅梁湾
Keywords: Lake Taihu  macrophytes  stable isotope  variation  Gonghu Bay  Meiliang Bay
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2008ZX07101-001)和国家自然科学基金项目(30870428)联合资助.
作者单位E-mail
温周瑞 湖北省水产科学研究所, 武汉 430071;中国科学院水生生物研究所, 东湖湖泊生态系统试验站, 淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室, 武汉 430072  
徐军 中国科学院水生生物研究所, 东湖湖泊生态系统试验站, 淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室, 武汉 430072  
谢平 中国科学院水生生物研究所, 东湖湖泊生态系统试验站, 淡水生态与生物技术国家重点实验室, 武汉 430072 xieping@ihb.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      高等水生植物的稳定碳、氮同位素能够反映其生理生态学信息.从太湖贡湖湾和梅梁湾采集高等水生植物,分析两湖湾高等水生植物的稳定碳、氮同位素值时空变化和种类差异.结果显示:水生植物的稳定碳、氮同位素值因时间、空间和种类而发生变化,总体上时间变化规律不明显,空间变化有一定规律性:梅梁湾中穗花狐尾藻、马来眼子菜、苦草、凤眼莲的δ15N明显高于贡湖湾,挺水植物芦苇的δ15N差异不显著,反映了梅梁湾较贡湖湾有较高的营养水平;贡湖湾中穗花狐尾藻、苦草的δ13C显著高于梅梁湾,其它种类没有显著差异.从种类特征来看,贡湖湾和梅梁湾浮叶植物与挺水植物芦苇、凤眼莲、菱的δ13C偏低,而微齿眼子菜、金鱼藻、马来眼子菜、苦草、伊乐藻、穗花狐尾藻等沉水植物的δ13C值较高,这与它们所处的环境和碳源有关.
Abstract:
      Nitrogen and carbon stable isotope values can be used to obtain eco-physiological information on macrophytes. This study collected macrophytes at different seasons from Gonghu Bay and Meiliang Bay of Lake Taihu, China to determine the variations of stable isotope values with regard to different season, space and species. The results showed that, with the season, space and species changing, nitrogen and carbon stable isotope values of macrophytes were changed, and the changed values were not obvious with seasonal variation in general, but had certain regularity with the space changes. The nitrogen stable isotopes of Myriophyllum spicatum, Potamogeton malaianus, Vallisneria natans and Eichhornia crassipes in Meiliang Bay were significantly higher than those of Gonghu Bay. The nitrogen stable isotope from emergent plants of Phragmites communis showed higher level in Meiliang Bay than that in Gonghu Bay. However, the carbon stable isotope values of Myriophyllum spicatum and Vallisneria natans in Gonghu Bay were significantly higher than those in Meiliang Bay, others were not significant in the differences. In Gonghu Bay and Meiliang Bay, the carbon stable isotope values of floating plants and emergent plants were lower in Phragmites communis, Eichhornia crassipes and Trapa incise, while Potamogeton maackianus, Ceratophyllum demersum, Potamogeton malaianus, Vallisneria natans, Elodea nuttallii and Myriophyllum spicatum of submerged plants were higher. This might due to the different environments and carbon sources.
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