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何佳,徐晓梅,杨艳,吴雪,王丽,李森,周鸿斌.滇池水环境综合治理成效与存在问题.湖泊科学,2015,27(2):195-199. DOI:10.18307/2015.0201
HE Jia,XU Xiaomei,YANG Yan,WU Xue,WANG Li,LI Sen,ZHOU Hongbin.Problems and effects of comprehensive management of water environment in Lake Dianchi. J. Lake Sci.2015,27(2):195-199. DOI:10.18307/2015.0201
滇池水环境综合治理成效与存在问题
Problems and effects of comprehensive management of water environment in Lake Dianchi
投稿时间:2014-06-10  修订日期:2014-11-22
DOI:10.18307/2015.0201
中文关键词: 滇池  治理历程  治理成效  存在问题
Keywords: Lake Dianchi  management process  control effect  problems
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07102)资助.
作者单位E-mail
何佳 昆明市环境科学研究院, 昆明 650032  
徐晓梅 昆明市环境科学研究院, 昆明 650032 dcszxb@163.com 
杨艳 昆明市环境科学研究院, 昆明 650032  
吴雪 昆明市环境科学研究院, 昆明 650032  
王丽 昆明市环境科学研究院, 昆明 650032  
李森 昆明市环境科学研究院, 昆明 650032  
周鸿斌 昆明市环境科学研究院, 昆明 650032  
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中文摘要:
      湖泊治理是一个世界性难题,也是当前我国亟待解决的重大问题,滇池治理是当今我国湖泊治理的典型.为总结滇池治理成效并系统分析滇池水环境综合治理存在的问题,对滇池1987-2013年的治理历程及治理措施进行了回顾.结果表明:滇池治理的阶段性与水质变化具有一定的对应性,1988-1995年为治理的启动阶段,1987-2000年滇池水质迅速恶化;1996-2005年为全面治理阶段,2001-2009年滇池水质缓慢改善;2006-2013年为治理的提速阶段,2010-2013年草海水质迅速改善,外海水质波动性变化;目前滇池水质恶化的趋势已基本得到遏制,但仍存在流域社会经济过度发展、水资源匮乏、管理体制不完善等问题,应加快实施污水处理设施和管网建设,不断提高城市污水收集处理率;强化流域水体置换,实现滇池健康水循环;进一步完善流域水环境管理体制与部门协作机制,实施全域性的综合治理.
Abstract:
      Lake management and pollution control is a worldwide problem and a major issue in China's environmental protection activities.The management of Lake Dianchi is a typical case in China.IIn order to summarize the effects of Lake Dianchi management and systematically analyze problems associated with Lake Dianchi management, we reviewed the control measures of Lake Dianchi from 1987 to 2013. The results showed that the phases of Lake Dianchi management was well correlated with the variation trend of water quality in Lake Dianchi.19881995 was the starting phase of Lake Dianchi management and pollution control, while the water quality deteriorated quickly between 1987 and 2000.The comprehensive governance phase was from 1996 to 2005, and the water quality improved slowly between 2001 and 2009.The speed-up governance phase of Lake Dianchi was from 2006 to 2013, when the water quality of Lake Caohai improved rapidly and that of Lake Waihai saw much fluctuation.So far, water quality deterioration trend has been controlled in the lake.However, Lake Dianchi is now facing problems including excessive development of social economy, water resources shortage, imperfect management system, etc.We should improve the sewage collection rate, strengthen the water replacement of Lake Dianchi, and realize the Lake Dianchi healthy water cycle, so as to improve the management system of Lake Dianchi.
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