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引用本文:刘苏,潘继征,张丽君,张占恩,柯凡,李文朝.好氧强化降解湖底有机碎屑的初步研究.湖泊科学,2014,26(3):365-370. DOI:10.18307/2014.0305
LIU Su,PAN Jizheng,ZHANG Lijun,ZHANG Zhan'en,KE Fan,LI Wenchao.Aerobic enhanced degradation of organic detritus of lacustrine sediments. J. Lake Sci.2014,26(3):365-370. DOI:10.18307/2014.0305
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好氧强化降解湖底有机碎屑的初步研究
刘苏1, 潘继征2, 张丽君1, 张占恩1, 柯凡2, 李文朝2
1.苏州科技学院环境科学与工程学院, 苏州 215011;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所湖泊与环境国家重点实验室, 南京 210008
摘要:
以巢湖湖底有机碎屑为研究对象,基于对有机碎屑中总有机碳的测定,研究了利用好氧强化降解湖底有机碎屑.研究了有机碎屑的可生化性及好氧强化降解湖底有机碎屑的效果,并讨论了有机碎屑的浓度及曝气量对其降解效果的影响.结果说明,处理的有机碎屑具有较好的可生化性,在反应30 h左右,降解达到了平衡,总去除率达到了50.69%,降解速率常数K25为0.19 h-1.有机碎屑的浓度以及曝气量对降解效果具有一定的影响.强化好氧法与传统的对底泥处理的方法相比具有更快、更好的效果,为预防及治理水体黑臭现象提供了新的途径.
关键词:  好氧强化降解  有机碎屑  水体黑臭  巢湖
DOI:10.18307/2014.0305
分类号:
基金项目:国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项项目(2012ZX07101-007-01);中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所"一三五"战略发展规划项目联合资助
Aerobic enhanced degradation of organic detritus of lacustrine sediments
LIU Su1, PAN Jizheng2, ZHANG Lijun1, ZHANG Zhan'en1, KE Fan2, LI Wenchao2
1.School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215011, P. R. China;2.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, P. R. China
Abstract:
The organic detritus in sediments of the Lake Chaohu were taken as research subject, based on measured total organic carbon in organic detritus. Research was undertaken on the organic detritus of biodegradability and the results of aerobic enhanced degradation of organic detritus, and the degradation effects of organic detritus on different concentrations of organic detritus and aeration rates. The results show the organic detritus has high biodegradability. In about 30 h, reaction reached equilibrium concentration, total removal rate was 50.69%, and the degradation rate constant K25 was 0.19 h-1. The concentration of organic detritus and aeration rates have impacts on degradation effect. The method of aerobic enhanced degradation of organic detritus in sediments of the lake is better than traditional method, and provides a new way for the prevention and treatment of black and odorous water.
Key words:  Aerobic enhanced degradation  organic detritus  black and odorous water  Lake Chaohu
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